- Every year, the 25th of April is marked as the World Malaria Day
- In 2018, the theme for World Malaria Day is 'Ready to Beat Malaria'
- Let us join hands to work towards a world, free of malaria.
of April is
observed as World Malaria Day annually. This year, the theme for the day is 'Ready
to Beat Malaria'. To achieve a malaria-free world, there is an urgent need for
the global community to come together and commit towards the goal. The World
Malaria Day will highlight the remarkable progress achieved in tackling malaria
but also highlight the worrying data captured in the 2017 World Malaria Report.
is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a Plasmodium parasite. The parasite is
picked up by mosquitoes and transferred to people, when that mosquito bites a
person. The mosquito thus transmits the disease. The most common symptoms of
malaria include fever, chills, and flu-like illness. The disease is usually fatal,
if left untreated.
2016, an estimated 216 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 445,000
people died, mostly children in the African Region.
Malaria Report 2017
World Malaria Report 2017 shows that while there has been an unprecedented
period of success in malaria
control, no progress has been seen thereafter. In 2016, there were an estimated
216 million cases of malaria, an increase of about 5 million cases over 2015.
Deaths reached 445 000, a similar number to the previous year.
‘With more countries reporting higher incidences of malaria and higher death rates, urgent action is required to beat the deadly disease.’
current pace of fighting malaria is insufficient to achieve the 2020 milestones
of the WHO Global Technical Strategy for Malaria 2016-2030, which aims for a
40% reduction in malaria case incidence and death rates compared to that of 2015.
Challenges to Malaria Elimination:
- Lack of sustainable and predictable international and domestic funding
- Risks posed by conflict in malaria endemic zones
- Anomalous climate patterns
- The emergence of parasite resistance to antimalarial medicines
- Mosquito resistance to insecticides
the scaling up of insecticide-treated nets and indoor spraying with insecticides
has played an important role in reducing malaria cases and deaths, there are
still regions where the disease is heavily concentrated and the cases of
malaria are on the rise.
countries with ongoing transmission fall into one of two categories: those
moving towards elimination and those with a high burden of the disease that
have reported significant increases in malaria cases.
urgent action, the major gains that we have achieved as a community in the
fight against malaria will be under threat. On this World
organizations like the WHO call for greater investment
and expanded coverage of proven tools that prevent, diagnose and treat malaria.
Preventing Malaria at Home
big stride comes after several small steps. Likewise, each one of us can do our
part in making the world and the country that we live in malaria free.
are a number of ways in which you could help:
- Keep your homes clean and mosquito-free by using
- Avoid stagnant water, as they are breeding
grounds for mosquitoes
- Use body mosquito sprays to protect yourself from
- Sleep inside mosquito preventing nets
- Keep your surroundings clean and sewage and
- In high prevalence areas, get vaccinated
- Immediately visit the doctor, if you see early
malaria symptoms like fever
- Tell your friends and family
- Spread information on malaria prevention and
- World Malaria Day 2018: Ready to beat malaria - (http://www.who.int/campaigns/malaria-day/2018/event/en/)
- Malaria - (https://www.cdc.gov/malaria/index.html)