‘The theme of the World Food Day 2016 is “Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.”’
The right to food is a basic human right.
Every individual has the right to be free from hunger and the right to adequate
food. But, due to lack of access, income, and food
, a majority of people around the world suffer from chronic
hunger. Ending hunger is a good investment for society.
On the World Food Day, people around the
world are encouraged to declare their commitment to eradicate hunger. Public
awareness campaigns, hunger walks, and food drives are some of the events that
are carried out on the World Food Day. This year, the day falls on Sunday, 16th
October, the theme is "Climate is Changing. Food and Agriculture Must Too".
Number of Hungry
People in the World
Everyone feels hungry on a daily basis.
Most people are able to satisfy the need. But people who suffer chronic hunger
do not have the option of eating when hungry. Hunger can make a person weak and
- In a world of 805 million, one in
nine people suffers from chronic hunger
- About 11 million people in the
developing countries are undernourished
- Sixty percent of those who suffer
from chronic hunger are women
- About five million children below
the age of five die due to malnutrition
- A majority of the world's hungry
people live in developing countries
- Asia has the most hungry people
- One out of six children in the
developing countries is underweight
According to the World Food Program, 66
million primary school-age children attend classes hungry, with 23 million in
Africa alone. About US$3.2 billion is needed per year to reach all the hungry
Causes of Hunger
The cause of hunger is not a shortage of
food but rather access to food. The primary causes of hunger include
Does the World
Produce Enough Food?
- Poor agricultural infrastructure
- World population
- Food and agricultural policy
- Natural disasters
- Climate change
The world produces enough food to feed
everyone. There is 17% more food for each person today than 30 years ago.
But the problem is that many people in the world don't have sufficient income
to purchase food or land to grow food.
In September 2000, a commitment was signed by
world leaders to achieve eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015. One of the
goals is to eradicate poverty and hunger. About forty countries have achieved
the goal by reducing the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
Climate is Changing.
Food and Agriculture Must Too
Climate change also called as global warming
is the rise in the surface temperatures
on the Earth. Climate change is due to the human use of fossil fuels, which
releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, resulting in extreme weather
One of the issues related to climate change
is food security. The world's poorest including farmers and fishers that live
in the rural areas of developing countries are the most affected by higher
temperatures and weather-related disasters.
It is important to meet the needs of every
human being on the planet. The global population is growing steadily, which is
expected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050. To meet the demand, the adverse effects
of climate change should be adopted in agriculture and food systems. Strategies
that will make the agriculture and food systems more resilient, productive and
sustainable should be adapted. New methods that produce more food in the same
area of land with the minimal use of natural resources should be adopted.
is a moral issue.
One-third of the planet's food goes to waste, which is enough to feed two
billion people. Food is wasted at every stage, right from harvesting until it
reaches the table. Thus, it is important to reduce food losses through better
harvesting, storage, packaging, transport, and market mechanisms before
reaching the retail stage.
The FAO has urged countries to address food
and agriculture in their climate action plans and invest more in rural
development. Strengthening the resilience of farmers, guarantees food security
for the hungry population in the world and also reduce emissions. The Paris
Agreement on Climate Change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,
recognized that the fundamental role of sustainable agriculture is addressing
climate change, hunger, and poverty.
No human being in the world should have to
experience hunger. People who suffer from chronic hunger have learning
disabilities, less productivity, are sick more often and live shorter lives.
Hunger leads to global insecurity and environmental degradation. Extreme
climate events and financial crisis may affect a person's ability to feed
themselves and their families. These small and large events can be prevented
with good policy and resiliency measures. Ending hunger in this generation is
possible, but for this to happen, it is every person's responsibility to give
their commitment in their fight against hunger.
- World Food Day Theme - (http://www.fao.org/world-food-day/2016/theme/en/)
- What is World Food Day? - (http://www.worldfooddayusa.org/what-is-wfd)
- Hunger Statistics - (https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats)
- World Hunger and Poverty Facts - (http://www.worldhunger.org/2015-world-hunger-and-poverty-facts-and-statistics/)
- What is Hunger? - (http://www.un.org/en/globalissues/briefingpapers/food
- Hunger - General Information - (http://www.bread.org/what-hunger)