- World Alzheimer's Day is
celebrated on 21st September every year
to raise awareness of this neurodegenerative
- The day also aims to reduce the
stigmata and misinformation that surrounds the disease
- Alzheimer's disease affects nearly
46.8 million people across the world
Alzheimer's Day is an annual event observed on 21st
September to raise awareness about Alzheimer's and dementia. The theme for this
year's World Alzheimer's Disease is 'Remember Me' which highlights the
importance of early detection and diagnosis of dementia.
Globally two out
of three people have little or no understanding of Alzheimer's in their
countries. The stigmatization and misinformation that surrounds dementia
remains a problem and requires global action.
Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease
was first identified
by German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer in 1906. It is a neurodegenerative disease, wherein the proteins
build-up, and form plaques and tangles. The formation
of plaques leads to loss of connections between nerve cells, resulting in the
death of nerve cells and loss of brain tissue. Studies have shown that in
people with Alzheimer's, there is a shortage of chemicals that help to transmit
signals around the brain. As Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative disease, it
affects more parts of the brain, and the symptoms become more severe with time.
disease is the most common form of dementia, which impairs mental functioning.
Some of the symptoms include memory loss, difficulty with thinking,
problem-solving or language and loss of body functions. People with Alzheimer's
often withdraw from family and society due to memory loss.
‘People with Alzheimer's often forget the name of the people, address, and many other things. The theme for World Alzheimer’s Day 2017 is ‘Remember Me’.’
One of the most
common symptoms of Alzheimer's disease is difficulty in remembering the recent
events. People with Alzheimer's often forget the name of the people, address,
and other things. Alzheimer's not only affects the individual with the
condition but also the family and friends as they watch their loved one losing
Nearly 70% risk
for developing Alzheimer's is genetic. Head injuries, depression, and
hypertension may also increase the risk.
Early symptoms of Alzheimer's are
often mistaken for normal aging as there is no test to detect the disease.
Facts and Statistics About Alzheimer's
- Nearly 46.8 million people across
the world have Alzheimer's disease
- 5.4 million Americans are living
- In the UK, it affects more than 520,000
- About 1.6 million Indians have
Alzheimer's, and the number is expected to triple by 2050
- It is the sixth-leading cause of
death in the United States
- Alzheimer's disease is the only
cause of death that cannot be prevented, cured or even slowed
- Alzheimer's affects a person every 68 seconds
- By 2050, 16 million Americans are
predicted to be living with Alzheimer's
- In the UK, the number of people
living with Alzheimer's will reach one million by 2025 and two million by
- Most of the people with
Alzheimer's are over 65
- On an average, people with
Alzheimer's live about eight years after their symptoms become noticeable
- People younger than 65 can also
Ways to Recognize
Symptoms of Alzheimer's Early
- Inability to recognize faces and
- Struggling to find the right words
- Difficulty with reading text
- Decline in the ability to reason,
judge and solve problems
- Decline in cognition and behavior
- Inability to learn and recall new
How to Reduce the Risk
- Stay connected with family and
friends - Isolation can harm the brain
function and increase the risk of Alzheimer's. Thus having a social life
will help you keep the diseases at bay.
- Exercise- Regular exercise is not only beneficial for physical health but
also mental health. Engaging in regular exercise
can reduce the risk of Alzheimer's by 50 percent.
- Eating Healthy - MIND
diet, which is a combination of Mediterranean Diet and DASH diet
that includes foods that are beneficial in preventing cognitive decline
such as nuts, fruits, vegetables, berries, poultry, fish and olive oil.
Studies have shown that MIND diet can help delay or prevent the
development of Alzheimer's disease.
- Manage Stress - Chronic stress can affect the growth of nerve cells and
shrink the memory area, thus increasing the risk of Alzheimer's.
Meditation, yoga and breathing techniques can help relax and reduce
- Increase Brain Activity - Activities that keep the brain attentive such as puzzles,
crosswords, and scrabble improve brain function and ward off cognitive
decline. Hobbies such as arts and crafts could delay the onset of
dementia. People who engage in arts such as painting, sculpting, and
drawing were 73% less likely to develop mild cognitive impairment.
Tips to Assist
Caregivers of Alzheimer's Patients
- Caring for people with dementia can be difficult. It is important
to have the patience to understand the person and respond to their feelings.
- Helps people with Alzheimer's recall people and events from the
Playing their favorite music can help recall their memories
A relaxing place can help reduce anxiety
Smartphone and tablets can enhance the quality of life for people
increases in life spans, the support for Alzheimer's research is more critical
than ever. Alzheimer's may affect any individual, be it
a family member or a friend. Currently, there are no treatments, medications or
supplements to stop the progression of Alzheimer's. Family and social support
play a key role in providing care for those with Alzheimer's.
- World Alzheimer's Day: September 21 - (https://www.alzinfo.org/articles/world-alzheimers-day/)
- World Alzheimer's Day - (https://www.nhp.gov.in/World-Alzheimers-Day_pg)