- Preconception exercises are usually done to increase the chances of conceiving.
- Dad's preconception exercises are found to increase the risk of obesity and insulin resistance in the offspring gene.
- The study is found to help in the future treatment of metabolic disorders.
A new research study from the East Carolina University found that regular exercises by father's before child conception may increase the risk of metabolic disorders like obesity and increased insulin sensitivity in their offspring's gene.
Preconception exercises like walking, cycling, swimming can increase the chances of pregnancy.
‘Increased risk of metabolic disorders in the offspring are associated with dadís preconception exercises.’
The research was carried out by studying the offsprings of male rodents that were trained for 12 weeks.
Alexander Murashov lead author and associate professor of physiology at East Carolina University said that fathers' exercise regimen programmed the offspring to be able to burn calories more efficiently, "like [an] energy efficient car which uses less gas to run the same distance."
The study findings found that paternal sperms were capable of changing the miRNA and metabolic genes in the offsprings.
The research team also found that the effect "may be an adaptive mechanism of changing offspring phenotypic features in response to environmental challenges experienced by fathers."
Murashov said that the results were "a total surprise, because our initial hypothesis was that paternal long-term exercise would decrease risk for obesity in the offspring."
"Identification of epigenetic obesity markers may lead to new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for the diagnosis and management of metabolic disorders in children caused by environment that affected their parents" he added.
The outcome of the study will also help in the future treatment of metabolic disorders in humans.