About Careers MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Oral Contraceptives Affect General Well-Being in Healthy Women
Advertisement

Oral Contraceptives Affect General Well-Being in Healthy Women

Font : A-A+

Highlights
  • Very little is known about the effects of oral contraceptive pills, despite their increased consumption worldwide.
  • New findings state that a commonly used combination of contraceptive pills containing ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel negatively impacts women's quality of life.
  • Apart from the quality of life, contraceptives also affected specific aspects like mood, well-being, self-control and energy level

A common combination of oral contraceptive pills has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life. It however, does not increase depressive symptoms.

The combination that included etinylestradiol and levonorgestrel, is recommended in many countries as the first choice due to its least risk of thrombosis among the other combinations of contraceptive pills. The randomized, placebo-controlled study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden in collaboration with the Stockholm School of Economics.`

Advertisement

Oral Contraceptives Affect General Well-Being in Healthy Women

"Despite the fact that an estimated 100 million women around the world use contraceptive pills we know surprisingly little today about the pill's effect on women's health. The scientific base is very limited as regards the contraceptive pill's effect on quality of life and depression and there is a great need for randomised studies where it is compared with placebos," says professor Angelica Lindén Hirschberg at the Department of Women's and Children's Health at Karolinska Institutet.

Other authors were Niklas Zethraeus, associate professor at the Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Anna Dreber Almenberg from the Stockholm School of Economics, and Eva Ranehill of the University of Zürich.
Advertisement

Study

For the study, 340 healthy women aged between 18 and 35 were treated randomly over the course of three months. One group was given pills with no effect (placebos) and the other group was given contraceptive pills containing ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel, the most common form of combined contraceptive pill in Sweden and many other countries.

It was a double-blind study where neither the leaders nor the subjects knew which treatment was given to which women.

The results showed that women on contraceptive pills estimated their quality of life to be significantly lower compared to the placebo group.

Apart from the quality of life, contraceptives also affected specific aspects like mood, well-being, self-control and energy level were affected negatively by the contraceptives. Contraceptive pills did not increase depressive symptoms.

"This might in some cases be a contributing cause of low compliance and irregular use of contraceptive pills. This possible degradation of quality of life should be paid attention to and taken into account in conjunction with prescribing of contraceptive pills and when choosing a method of contraception," says Niklas Zethraeus.

The findings from this combination cannot be generalized to other kinds of combinations of contraceptive pills because they may have a different risk profile and side-effects.

The results are published in the scientific journal Fertility and Sterility.

Reference

  1. Angelica Lindén Hirschberg et al. A first choice combined oral contraceptive influences general well-being in healthy women - a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Fertility and Sterility; (2017) DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.02.120


Source: Medindia

Citations   close

Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
World AIDS Day 2022 - Equalize!
Test Your Knowledge on Sugar Intake and Oral Health
Test  Your Knowledge on Heart
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Birth Control Pills Vaginitis Dental Check-Up Healthy Gifting Ideas for Diwali Birth Control Pills to Delay Periods Birth Control Implant 

Most Popular on Medindia

Drug Side Effects Calculator Blood Pressure Calculator Blood Donation - Recipients Noscaphene (Noscapine) Post-Nasal Drip How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Vent Forte (Theophylline) Find a Doctor Blood - Sugar Chart Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

Oral Contraceptives Affect General Well-Being in Healthy Women Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests