Obesity Gene May Protect Against Depression

by Dr. Reeja Tharu on  December 26, 2012 at 11:21 AM Health Watch
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Extra layers of fat are not usually welcome but the research carried out by Canadian researchers prompts us to think otherwise.
Obesity Gene May Protect Against Depression
Obesity Gene May Protect Against Depression

Obesity appears to be a bad word these days, not just from the aesthetic angle but from the point of view of its link to depression, mood disorders, social isolation and job discrimination. Obese people are likely to become depressed due to their appearance and low self-esteem. They are also less likely to follow healthy eating or lifestyle habits. In addition, consuming antidepressants leads to further weight gain.

However, a recent study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry has upheld the fat-but-happy theory and has helped to highlight the relationship between emotional well -being and being heavy.

In their search for the genes causing depression, David Meyre, associate professor in clinical epidemiology and biostatistics at the Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine at McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, who is an author of the study, and his colleagues, claim to have discovered  that the obesity gene may actually be linked with a person's happiness irrespective of its role in causing obesity. The FTO gene, which is believed to cause weight gain by increasing calorie consumption is now found to be capable of reducing the risk for depression by 8% if one copy of the gene is inherited, and 16% if two copies of the gene are inherited. The function of the gene has also been found to be dependent on the ethnicity of the person.

 This small effect may not make a big difference in the daily care meted out to the patient but it has helped to better understand the role of the FTO gene.

The protective effect of FTO gene has been confirmed with four different studies. FTO gene mutations were analysed through standard screening  in 6,591 people who suffered depression and in more than 21,000 who did not have depression.

The present study challenges  conventional belief which supports the theory that obesity increases depression. According to Meyre, both obesity and depression are linked to brain activity and both these factors may be mutually benefiting.. The FTO gene is now believed to have a broader role in depression and other psychiatric disorders. The results of the study confirm the idea that the FTO is active in the brain, but more analyses are needed to support the link between FTO and depressive disorders, in general.

The researchers now plan to study the 59 other known genes linked to obesity and to use the same method to see its association with conditions like Type 2 diabetes.

Source: Medindia

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