- The United Nation's International Day of
Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is observed on 4th June each
- The day is meant to acknowledge the pain suffered by young
children who fall prey to physical, mental and emotional abuse.
- Many organizations take
part or launch campaigns on that day to fight against child abuse and protect
the rights of children.
The International Day of Innocent Children
Victims of Aggression is observed every year on 4th
June. The day
aims to create awareness on the impact of abuse against children and seeks to
protect the rights of children.
August, 1982, the United
Nations declared 4th
June as the International Day of Innocent
Children Victims of Aggression after having been "appalled at the high number
of Palestinian and Lebanese children victims of Israel's acts of aggression."
‘The United Nations International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression affirms the commitment to protect the rights of children without exception.’
The day aims to address the physical, mental
and emotional pain suffered by children who fall victim to atrocities
across the world. On this day, the United Nations along with other
organizations, conducts awareness campaigns centered on the protection of child
The Need to Protect
the Rights of Children
Child abuse and atrocity is one of the most
disturbing realities of our times. Young children are the most vulnerable and
hence an easy target for bullies and other perpetrators of aggression and
Children who are subjected to violence and
abuse are at an increased risk of poor physical and psychological health, which
can consequently lead to inadequate education. Child rights violation
constitutes some of the most under recognized and under reported forms of
violence in the world, yet it is pervasive in every strata of society.
Some appalling facts on child victimization:
- Globally, about 80-93% children suffer from some form of
punishment at their homes.
- Nearly 150 million girls and 73
million boys experience some form of sexual abuse.
than 2 million children are murdered in conflict worldwide.
its 2016 report, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
documented about 11,418 civilian casualties in the Afghan war, with children
accounting for about 30% of the total count. In 2017 the count is believed to
have touched record numbers.
According to the World Health Organization,
children in low and middle-income countries are more than twice more likely to
die as a result of homicide than children in high-income countries. Disabled
kids who are unable to fend for themselves, those who belong to the minority
groups, who live on the streets, and child refugees are particularly vulnerable
to different forms of aggression.
Boys experience a higher risk of physical
violence, while girls face a greater risk of sexual violence, neglect, and
Types of Child Abuse
Physical abuse -
It is an injury caused to a child
from physical aggression. The injury may result from beating, pushing, shaking,
kicking, throwing, and burning with hot objects. Many children are physically
abused by someone close to them. Hundreds of thousands of children die from
injuries inflicted upon them. For those who survive physical abuse, emotional
scars are deeper than the physical scars.
Sexual abuse -
A child is sexually abused when
they are forced to take part in sexual activities. Globally, about 1.8 million
children are victims of prostitution and pornography. Every year, one million
children fall prey to trafficking. Sexual abuse
is never the child's fault. It is
the responsibility of the adult not to engage in sexual acts with children,
regardless of the child's behavior.
Emotional abuse -
This is the most common type of child
abuse. Children can be emotionally abused by their parents, teachers, peers, or
other adults in positions of power. A child suffering emotional abuse shows
signs of low self-esteem, social
withdrawal and lack of social skills. Emotional abuse
can have a far more long-lasting negative
effect than physical or sexual abuse.
Aggression against Children in India
In a country like India, with a myriad of
castes, classes, religions, races, and with the staggering rates of poverty
that still pervades the country, one can only begin to imagine the extent of
violence and exploitation that children suffer every day. According to a 2007 report released by the Ministry of
Women and Child Development (MWCD), children
between the ages of 5 and 12 are at a higher risk of neglect and abuse, with
girl children suffering the worst due to Indian prejudices against them.
Children are made to work as labourers, and child trfficking and prostitution
remains one of the most unsettling issues in the context of child aggression.
However, nearly 83% of the
violence was reported in the form of emotional abuse in the hands of parents.
The home, thus, most disturbingly, remains one of the darkest places for a
child in India.
Violence faced at a very young age scars a
person for life. Children who experience abuse are nine times more likely to be
involved in criminal activity. They are also more likely to be abusive in their
own relationships as adults. Yet, these young people are the future of every
nation. And it is during childhood, and adolescence, that an individual's
personality gets moulded for the future.
Each one of us has a duty to protect the fundamental
rights of our children. Let us not steal away the childhood from the young,
innocent minds who will lead the world tomorrow. We, as individuals, or along
with organizations, can do our bit by taking part in campaigns to protect every
single child from abuse, exploitation, and violence.
- International day of innocent children victims of
aggression - (http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/acdi-cida/acdi-cida.nsf/eng/ANN-649430-J4F)
- International Day of Innocent Children Victims of
Aggression - (http://days.tigweb.org/international-day-of-innocent-children-victims-of-aggression)
- International Day of Innocent Children Victims of
Aggression (4 June) - (http://www.unric.org/en/latest-un-buzz/27571-international-day-of-innocent-children-victims-of-aggression-4-june)
- The International Day Of Innocent Children Victims
Of Aggression - (https://www.childhope.org.uk/about-us/childhope-news/the-international-day-of-innocent-children-victims-of-aggression/)