- World Brain Tumor Day is observed every year on the 8th of June worldwide to traverse the extraordinary darkness of brain tumor
- Brain tumor is the 10th foremost cause of death that accounts for 85% to 90% of all primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors
- The day intends to build knowledge and promote actions to support, empower, and augment the voice of the brain tumor community
World Brain Tumor Day is recognized every year on the 8th of June to raise awareness and encourage taking action to support, empower, and amplify the voice of the brain tumor community.
History of World Brain Tumor DayThis first drive for this global day was taken by the German Brain Tumor Association, a non-profit organization, in 2000. And now, it is celebrated worldwide since then to educate people about brain tumors.
Lots of myths and misconceptions stagger around the idea of brain tumors among the general population. This day specifically educates people about preventive measures and management of this disease.
What is Brain Tumor?Any abnormal growth of cancerous or non-cancerous mass in the brain is referred to as a brain tumor. The primary brain tumor is a tumor that starts in the brain.
They can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). Globally, among patients of all ages, they represent only 2% of all cancers. Metastases in brain tumors can occur most usually from cancers like lung, breast, colon, kidney, and skin.
Burden of Brain TumorIt is estimated that every 5 to 10 people per 100,000 populations have central nervous system (CNS) tumors. The trend has an accelerating curve and accounts for 2% of malignancies. Brain tumors are the second most common type of cancer in children.
Children and adults under the age of 40 are more prone to brain tumors than any other cancer in England and Wales. With more than 8,000 people suffering from this disease, Germany commonly witnesses malignant cases of brain tumors. Worldwide 500 new cases are diagnosed every day.
In India, the incidence and prevalence of brain tumors are reported to be growing. Hence, the Government of India has launched National Cancer Control Programme with the intentions of prevention, screening, early detection, diagnosis, and treatment including palliative care in the end-stage.
COVID-19 and Brain TumorsAs we proceed to confront the coronavirus outbreak, concerns also gather regarding the impact of COVID-19 on brain tumors and its treatment. A notable concern hovers over the patients if the COVID-19 virus can affect patients with a brain tumor as seen in diabetic or obese patients.
There are very few studies to infer the impact of COVID-19 on brain tumors. However, the decisions related to brain tumor treatment can be influenced by the pandemic as there are great chances of catching the virus in the hospital.
Diagnosis and Management of Brain Tumor
- Diagnosis is generally done by medical history and physical examination along with imaging studies like CT scans or MRI
- The common treatment of brain tumor includes maximal safe surgical resection and ventricular peritoneal shunt
- Not all CNS tumors are malignant. Benign brain tumors can be cured by total surgical removal
- However, malignant tumors may necessitate the incorporation of radiotherapy and oral chemotherapy with/without surgery depending upon the molecular staging of the tumor for long-term survival
- Medications used for management include steroids, and anti-seizure medications
- Some of the novel modalities in the treatment of brain tumors are stereotaxy, neural monitoring, and brain mapping
- The maximum outcome of the patient is also predicted by the rehabilitation and support from friends and family
Facts and Statistics on Brain Tumor
- Brain tumors may occur at any age.
- Astrocytoma, meningioma, and oligodendroglioma are the most common type of primary brain tumors among adults, with an estimated 700,000 Americans living with them.
- Whereas, medulloblastoma, grade I or II astrocytoma, (or glioma) ependymoma and brain stem glioma are common among children.
- The five-year relative survival rate for all malignant brain tumor patients is only 36% and the 10-year survival rate is 31%.
- The survival rates tend to decrease with age, with a 5-year survival rate being more than 75% under the age of 15 and around 72% for people between the ages 15 & 39.
- It is estimated that 18,600 people may die from a malignant brain tumor in 2021.
- The highest per-patient initial cost of care is covered by brain tumors than any cancer group, with an annualized mean net cost of care nearing $150,000.
Follow Up after Brain Tumor
- It is important to have a careful examination of yourself after brain tumor treatment.
- Watch for recurrence of the tumor by routinely monitoring for any new symptoms and through MRI scans.
- Manage your long-term side effects of the treatment using appropriate measures and a healthy diet
- Rehabilitative therapy like speech therapy and occupational therapy may aid in recapturing charge over many aspects of lives in certain cases
- Seek counselling if needed. Stay happy.
- Discuss with your doctor for medications to reduce fatigue or memory lapses, if any.
- Document your health records for any follow-up
- Let's Spread Awarness About Brain Tumor - (https://www.narayanahealth.org/blog/lets-spread-awareness-about-brain-tumor/)
- Cancer Awareness Dates - (https://www.cancer.net/research-and-advocacy/cancer-awareness-dates)
- World Brain Tumour Awareness Day - (https://www.braintumour.ca/get-involved/raising-awareness/world-awareness-day/)
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Karishma Abhishek. (2021, June 08). Eradicate the Darkness of Brain Tumor on World Brain Tumor Day. Medindia. Retrieved on Aug 11, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/eradicate-the-darkness-of-brain-tumor-on-world-brain-tumor-day-201616-1.htm.
Karishma Abhishek. "Eradicate the Darkness of Brain Tumor on World Brain Tumor Day". Medindia. Aug 11, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/eradicate-the-darkness-of-brain-tumor-on-world-brain-tumor-day-201616-1.htm>.
Karishma Abhishek. "Eradicate the Darkness of Brain Tumor on World Brain Tumor Day". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/eradicate-the-darkness-of-brain-tumor-on-world-brain-tumor-day-201616-1.htm. (accessed Aug 11, 2022).
Karishma Abhishek. 2021. Eradicate the Darkness of Brain Tumor on World Brain Tumor Day. Medindia, viewed Aug 11, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/eradicate-the-darkness-of-brain-tumor-on-world-brain-tumor-day-201616-1.htm.