Under the program
called, "Gaining Health in Europe "that was launched by WHO in Europe, the
first population based nutritional survey was done in Italy named "OKkio alla
Under this program, a
study was conducted in the Tuscany region to assess the implications of the
risk factors for obesity in children, and the plausible influences which the
educational status of parents might exert on the weight-gain status of
children. The study also aimed at finding out any connections between
school-aged children's obesity and that of their parents.
The study was
conducted through Local Health Units in Tuscany and involved children in the age-group
of 8-9 years. Their height and weight were recorded by "ad hoc" personnel and
BMI was calculated. Self -administered questionnaires were used to gather
parents' height, weight and educational level information.
highlighted that children's obesity was directly related to parents'
educational level and inversely related to BMI.
(SES) of the family is also an important indicator of children's obesity.
conclusions drawn from the study was that among parents, mainly father's
obesity and cultural influences affect the incidences of obesity in children of
Tuscany. The transmission of genetic dispositions from parents to children is
widely known, but educational and economic status also have implications on the
children health status (particularly obesity), as has been brought to light by
8/9-yr-old school children BMI, parents' BMI and educational level: a cross
sectional survey; Giacomo et al; Nutrition Journal 2011.