About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infant's Gut Microbiome?
Advertisement

Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome?

Font : A-A+

Highlights
  • The development of an infant's gut microbiome is associated with cesarean section, formula feeding, and antibiotic use
  • A method called Significance Analysis of Microarrays helps quantify the changes in the gut bacteria of infants
  • Formula-fed or cesarean-delivered infants have different trajectories of bacterial colonization in later infancy leading to future health complications in infants

Infant's developing gut microbiome can alter based on various interventions such as cesarean section, formula feeding, and the use of antibiotics, reveals a new study published in open-access journal Frontiers in Pediatrics.

In an infant's life, the first year plays a significant role in developing his or her gut microbiome. In the intestines, there are more than one thousand types of bacteria. These bacteria help infants in digesting their food and also help "train" the development of their immune system.

Advertisement


Infant's Gut Microbiome

An infant's environment is the major factor that determines the type of bacteria present. The type of birth and food, early use of antibiotics - all play a crucial role on the infant's growing gut microbiome.
Advertisement

However, scientists are continuing their work to understand these differences and its meaning in infant's future health.

Anita Kozyrskyj is a researcher at the University of Alberta, Canada, and the group leader of the study.

Kozyrskyj said that their goal was to determine the combined influence of cesarean delivery, antibiotic treatment, and formula-feeding can alter the development of gut microbiota in infants.

The research team found that vaginally-born and breastfed infants, when compared to formula-fed or cesarean-delivered infants, were found to have different trajectories of bacterial colonization in later infancy, which can lead to future health complications in infants.

Kozyrskyj and her colleagues used a method called Significance Analysis of Microarrays, which helps quantify the changes in the gut bacteria of 166 infants in their first year of lives.

Bacteria Inhabits The Gut

In other research studies, scientists have already found that there are the different types of bacteria which inhibit the gut of the infant.

However, the work of Kozyrskyj's is the first-ever study that determined the rates of colonization for every type of bacteria along with the infant's age and also highlights the dominant bacteria as the gut microbiome evolves.

Kozyrskyj's group found that formula-fed or cesarean-delivered infants showed altered trajectories of bacterial colonization that were associated with food allergies and weight gain when compared to the standard progression of gut bacteria with infant age.

Future research and larger studies are required to understand the consequences of these changes entirely. However, many other studies have shown potential links between these bacteria and the future health of the child, especially in developing food allergies.

Kozyrskyj stated, "We hope this research will help clinicians and parents understand that cesarean section increases the chance of antibiotic treatment or formula-feeding of newborns, which can affect the development of gut microbiota in later infancy."

Human Gut Microbiota

Gut microbiota is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals. The gut is one place human microbiota inhabits.

The human gut microbiota has the largest numbers of bacteria and many species than in the other areas of the body, and the gut flora is established at one to two years after birth.

The composition of gut microbiota changes over time, as and when there are variations in the diet and also changes in overall health.

The presence of some types of bacteria can contribute to inflammatory disorders, obesity, and colon cancer.

Reference
  1. Farzana Yasmin et al. Cesarean Section, Formula Feeding, and Infant Antibiotic Exposure: Separate and Combined Impacts on Gut Microbial Changes in Later Infancy. Frontiers in Pediatrics (2017)DOI: 10.3389/fped.2017.00200


Source: Medindia

Citations   close

Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:

  • APA

    Hannah Joy. (2017, September 28). Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome?. Medindia. Retrieved on Sep 25, 2022 from https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/does-c-section-formula-feeding-and-antibiotics-effect-infants-gut-microbiome-173381-1.htm.

  • MLA

    Hannah Joy. "Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome?". Medindia. Sep 25, 2022. <https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/does-c-section-formula-feeding-and-antibiotics-effect-infants-gut-microbiome-173381-1.htm>.

  • Chicago

    Hannah Joy. "Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome?". Medindia. https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/does-c-section-formula-feeding-and-antibiotics-effect-infants-gut-microbiome-173381-1.htm. (accessed Sep 25, 2022).

  • Harvard

    Hannah Joy. 2021. Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome?. Medindia, viewed Sep 25, 2022, https://www.medindia.net/news/healthwatch/does-c-section-formula-feeding-and-antibiotics-effect-infants-gut-microbiome-173381-1.htm.

Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
Test Your Knowledge About Chromosomes?
Eating During Sunlight Hours Minimizes Mood Vulnerabilities
Know More About the Digestive System
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
MRSA - The Super Bug Probiotics - Support System for the Gut Antibiotics Eye Infections Natural Antibiotics to Fight Bacterial Infections Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Boils - Treatment by Drugs Multiple Drug Allergy Syndrome Interaction of Antibiotics with Dairy Products Leaky Gut Syndrome 

Most Popular on Medindia

Noscaphene (Noscapine) Loram (2 mg) (Lorazepam) A-Z Drug Brands in India Hearing Loss Calculator Selfie Addiction Calculator Blood Pressure Calculator Sanatogen Daily Calorie Requirements Drug - Food Interactions Color Blindness Calculator
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

Does C-section, Formula Feeding and Antibiotics Effect Infantís Gut Microbiome? Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests