A recent study
published in the journal of Pediatrics 2012, analyzed the association of weight
status and consumption of sodium in 6,235 children in the United States. The
study also assessed the implications of these two important factors on the
blood pressure. The researchers noted that girls consumed less sodium than the
The intake of sodium
poses greater risk of high blood pressure than the increasing weight in young
It was estimated by
the National Centre for Disease Control (CDC) about one-third of American
adolescents and children were overweight. High blood pressure or hypertension
is responsible for a number of life-threatening ailments such as stroke, heart
diseases and other cardiovascular diseases.
The researchers for
the first time ever conducted a 'large-scale examination of the joint effect of
weight status and sodium intake on the risk for high blood pressure among more
than 6000 children and adolescents aged 8-18 years.'
consumed around 3400mg of sodium daily.
The study highlighted
that the children in the United States with high sodium intake were at high
risk of soaring blood pressure. This tendency was more pronounced in obese
children. It was observed that about 37 percent children were obese and 15
percent children had high blood pressure.
advocated that active interventions to increase physical activity and decrease
the consumption of sodium can be effective in reducing high blood pressure in
adolescents and kids.
As recommended by the
2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the intake of sodium by the children
should be less than 2300mg daily. Americans, Africans and adolescents with
chronic kidney disorders, diabetes, high blood pressure should decrease their
sodium consumption to 1500 mg daily.
Often high blood
pressure remains undiagnosed as suitable examination is required using 'an
age-appropriate blood pressure cuff size and a comparison of results against
standards for a child's gender, age, and height.'
Sodium Intake and Blood Pressure Among US
Children and Adolescents; Quanhe Yang et al; PEDIATRICS 2012