About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Aerobic Exercise can Improve Endurance, Walking in Disabled Stroke Patients

Aerobic Exercise can Improve Endurance, Walking in Disabled Stroke Patients

Font : A-A+

  • Physical therapy is good for stroke recovery
  • Regaining the ability to walk is a very important goal for most stroke patients with mobility impairments
  • Daily aerobic exercises can improve endurance and help stroke patients to walk again after a stroke

Disabled stroke patients who regularly perform aerobic exercises are more likely to boost their endurance levels and regain the ability to walk again, reports a new study.

Stroke survivors who completed group-based aerobic exercise programs similar in design and duration to cardiac rehabilitation programs significantly improved their aerobic endurance and walking ability, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.


Aerobic Exercise can Improve Endurance, Walking in Disabled Stroke Patients

Importance of Physical Therapy for Stroke Patients

Stroke remains the leading cause of disability in the U.S. and physical therapy is often prescribed to improve physical impairments after stroke. Most current rehabilitation care following stroke has little to no focus on aerobic fitness, and when continued rehabilitation activity is suggested patients often fail to keep active without any support or guidance, according to an analysis of 19 published studies to assess the impact of aerobic exercise programs on endurance and walking ability after stroke.

"The physical therapy we currently provide to patients after a stroke focuses more on improving the ability to move and move well rather than on increasing how far and long you can move," said Elizabeth Regan, DPT, study lead author, and Ph.D. candidate in Exercise Science at the University of South Carolina. "It doesn't matter how well you can walk if your endurance level keeps you at home."

Details of the Study

Nearly 500 adults average ages between 54-71 completed aerobic exercise programs similar in structure to cardiac rehabilitation. Participants attended two to three sessions per week for about three months. Of nearly two dozen different exercise groups, walking was the most common type of activity, followed by stationary cycling and then mixed mode aerobic exercise. Physical abilities were tested before and after the intervention.

Findings of the Study

Looking at results by activity type, the research team found:
  • Mixed aerobic activity provides the best result (4 treatment groups) followed by walking (12 treatment groups)
  • Cycling or recumbent stepping (a machine that allows stepping while in a seated position) while still significant was the least effective (7 treatment groups)
  • Overall, participants significantly improved their endurance level and walking speed
  • On average, participants walked almost half the size of a football field farther during a six-minute walking test. Participants with mild movement impairments benefited the most

  • "These benefits were realized regardless of how long it had been since their stroke," Regan said. "Our analysis included stroke survivors across a wide range, from less than six months to greater than a year since their stroke, and the benefits were seen whether they started an aerobic exercise program one month or one year after having a stroke."


    "Cardiac rehab programs may be a viable option for patients after a stroke who have health risks and endurance losses similar to traditional cardiac rehab participants," said Stacy Fritz, Ph.D., PT, the study's co-author and associate professor of exercise science in the Physical Therapy Program at the University of South Carolina. "Almost every hospital has a cardiac rehab program, so it's an existing platform that could be used for stroke survivors. Funneling patients with stroke into these existing programs may be an easy, cost-effective solution with long-term benefits."

    While this study suggests group-based aerobic exercise programs improve health and endurance in stroke survivors, no control group analysis was performed for results comparison. Limited follow-up data were available to determine whether the health benefits persisted.

    Source: Eurekalert

    News A-Z
    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    News Category
    What's New on Medindia
    Ways to Manage Stress during COVID-19 Pandemic
    Can Adjusting Fatty Acid Intake Improve Mood in Bipolar Disorder Patients?
    Insulin Resistance Doubles the Risk of Major Depressive Disorder
    View all

    Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
    Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

    More News on:
    Introduction To Physiotherapy Types of Physiotherapy Bellīs Palsy Diet Lifestyle and Heart Disease Mitral Valve Stenosis And Mitral Valve Replacement Congenital Heart Disease Stress and the Gender Divide Stroke Facts Stroke Tips to Live Longer 

    Recommended Reading
    Regular Aerobic Exercise Offers Protection Against Stroke
    The risk of stroke is averted by engaging in regular aerobic physical activity....
    Exercise for Seniors
    Poor health and recurrent illnesses can severely compromise quality of life for seniors. But with .....
    Exercising Moderately Decreases Severity of Stroke
    Stroke attacks are milder in people who have exercised moderately before its occurrence compared to ...
    Exercise Can Improve Brain Function Within 3 Months In Stroke Patients
    Physical therapy, aerobic and strength training have become a low-cost intervention to treat ......
    Congenital Heart Disease
    Heart diseases that are present at birth are called “ Congenital heart diseases”....
    Introduction To Physiotherapy
    Encyclopedia section of medindia gives general information about Physiotherapy...
    Mitral Valve Stenosis And Mitral Valve Replacement
    Mitral valve replacement is a surgical heart procedure to correct either the narrowing (stenosis) or...
    Stress and the Gender Divide
    Stress has become entwined in the current lifestyle of a young working couple and has resulted in th...
    Stroke can cause permanent disability and it is important to recognize its early warning signs to st...
    Tips to Live Longer
    Though life is temporary and short, it is possible to maximize the span of our existence by living h...
    Types of Physiotherapy
    Physiotherapy is a branch of healthcare science, that mainly concentrates on the physical aspects of...

    Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

    © All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

    This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use