is a global organization with members in more than 150
countries worldwide. Various topics of mental health were taken up in the past
to focus on, like "Older Adults", "
"Mindfulness" and "Mealtimes". "Living with
" is the theme this
year and focuses on treatment and management strategies of different types of
of a mental health disorder is done after mental health assessment, based on
performance skills, emotional behavior and many other parameters. Most of the
mental health disorders are treatable conditions, and the stigma associated
with a person with mental health diagnosis needs to be eradicated from the
Definition of Schizophrenia
term schizophrenia encompasses a wide variety of symptoms that psychiatry
has labeled as a
disorder. Different types of schizophrenia are categorized based on the
combination of symptoms present in the individual. The symptoms noticeable as
the early signs of schizophrenia include
Disturbances in sleep and appetite
Flat or inconsistent feelings
Speech could be peculiar or nonsensical
Change in appearance and personal hygiene
Persistent feelings of unreality
Sudden unusual behaviour
Referring general talks as being directed to self
Viewing things in a different way or perceiving sound or smell in a different
of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations and disorganized speech and
conversation. The person may show extreme apathy, lack of initiative, social
withdrawal and emotional unresponsiveness.
person with schizophrenia usually has difficulty in differentiating between
real and imaginary things. However, most of such people are not violent or
dangerous to others.
and some chemical changes in the body are attributed to be the possible causes
of schizophrenia. Some chemicals in the brain
like serotonin and dopamine, are neurotransmitters and allow nerve
to send messages to each other. An imbalance in these chemicals
could cause disturbances in transmission of sensory signals and alter the
reactions in the person with schizophrenia. Such a wrong information processing
could be a possible explanation for delusions and hallucinations, the most
important symptoms of schizophrenia. Complications of schizophrenia include
depression, drug abuse and
various types of schizophrenia are:
awareness that is spreading and the support services for persons affected with
schizophrenia, about 1% of the world population is affected and most of them
are neglected. The symptoms of schizophrenia usually appear during 13 to 25
years of age, often earlier in males than females. Schizophrenia cannot be
cured with drugs; however, with proper treatment and care, most patients can
lead a fulfilling life.
person living with schizophrenia has to be motivated to overcome the symptoms
that present. The person needs to realize that he must find ways to move
forward with the impacts of the mental
to be managed and minimized. Recovery is not a cure, but it
is necessary to accept what we cannot be and what we can do about it. It is a
total change in the attitude and being fully positive about taking risks and
learning from actions. A person with schizophrenianeeds to be encouraged to participate, believe that he can
overcome the traumas
and damage to his life and contribute to the community.
is the attitude of the supportive people that fuels these beliefs of the person
with schizophrenia. Appropriate and empowering support needs to be consistent
for the patient to overcome the problems due to the mental illness.
Mental Health Day offers a platform to increase awareness not only about the
mental disorder, but also about the access to treatment and support groups.
Various techniques of self-management and cognitive behavior therapy are
discussed. Importance of peer support and monitoring physical health and use of
medications and available treatment options also explained through different campaigns.
Individuals and NGOs can contribute by holding talks, events or fundraising
health awareness focuses on eradicating the mental health stigma, thus
empowering the person with mental
to be integrated into the society.