is now a common condition but here are some facts about diabetes that could leave you baffled:
Diabetes Day 2016
- Diabetes now affects one out of every eleven adults. Yet, since especially
type 2 diabetes may not cause obvious symptoms, one out of every two
individuals do not know that they suffer from diabetes. The condition will be
more common i.e. 1 out of every 10 adults will suffer from diabetes by the year
2040, which is not very far away.
is thought by some to be a condition that affects the affluent. However,
statistics reveal that around three-fourths of those affected by diabetes live
in the low-and-middle-income groups. The number of people with diabetes in Africa is
likely to double by the year 2040. Such a situation could be particularly
problematic since many individuals may not have access to adequate healthcare
- Diabetes affects almost every vital organ of the body and causes
complications that can disable the patient and can even result in death.
Globally, one person dies due to diabetes every six seconds. Complications
associated with diabetes include heart diseases like
heart attack , heart failure and cardiomyopathy, blindness due to retinopathy,
cataract or glaucoma, kidney failure, and the need for lower-limb amputation
due to gangrene.
- Modern sedentary lifestyles contribute to a significant extent to
the development of diabetes. A change to a healthier lifestyle with adequate
diet control and regular exercise can protect several individuals with diabetes
‘Diabetes comes stealthily and causes widespread damage.’
theme of the World Diabetes Day 2016 is 'Eyes on Diabetes' with key messages that stress on
screening for diabetes and diabetes complications
conducting tests to detect a disease even before symptoms appear. screening
helps in the early diagnosis of diabetes so that the appropriate treatment can
be instated at an early date. Diabetes under control is usually associated with
lesser complications. People at a higher risk for diabetes like those with a
family history should particularly undergo screening.
Tests used to screen for
diabetes include the following:
- Measurements of fasting or random
blood glucose levels.
- Measurement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) levels. This blood test
gives an estimate of the control of blood glucose levels in the previous three
Patients with diabetes
should also undergo regular check-ups for early diagnosis of
complications. Some of the tests that you may need on a regular basis if you
suffer from diabetes include the following:
- Regular examination by your
treating doctor. Your blood pressure should be monitored to detect hypertension
at the earliest. Weight should be checked and maintained to prevent obesity.
Your feet should be regularly checked for blisters or small wounds.
- Regular dilated eye examinations by an eye specialist to detect
early changes associated with eye diseases like cataract, glaucoma and diabetic
- Measurements of fasting, postprandial and random blood glucose
levels. If you need to do these frequently, you could do it yourself using a
glucometer at home.
- Measurement of
glycated hemoglobin levels
of cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood through blood tests. These
should be maintained at a normal level
tests for kidney function and urine examination for the presence of protein to
detect kidney disease early
- World Diabetes Day
2016 - (http://www.idf.org/wdd-index/)
- What Is Diabetic Heart Disease? -
- Facts About Diabetic Eye Disease -
- Preventing Diabetes Problems - (https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/preventing-diabetes-problems)