About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
New Methods for Evaluating Solid Stress in Fibrotic Tumors

New Methods for Evaluating Solid Stress in Fibrotic Tumors

Font : A-A+

  • Fibrotic tumors contain a form of mechanical energy called solid stress, which promotes the growth and migration of the cancer
  • The solid stress compresses blood vessels and lymphatics and prevents the delivery of chemotherapy and immunotherapy to the cancer cells
  • Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital have come up with new experimental and mathematical frameworks to measure solid stress in tumors

Researchers have developed new experimental techniques and mathematical frameworks to measures solid stress, a type of physical force within fibrotic tumors. The research is being published in the Nature Biomedical Engineering.

Fibrotic tumors are cancerous tumors which contain solid and elastic tissues like collagen and hyaluronic acid. Examples of fibrotic tumors include pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, chondrosarcomas, and chordomas.


Solid stress is a type of mechanical force noted in fibrotic tumors. It has the following features:
  • It arises due to the uncontrollable growth of the cells and matrix of the tumor and is contributed by the collagen and hyaluronan content of the tumor i.e. the solid content of the tumor
  • It compresses the cancer cells which in turn promotes initiation and migration of the tumor through its effects on gene expression, proliferation of cancer cells and invasiveness of the tumor. The solid stress increases according to the size of the tumor
  • It compresses the blood and lymphatic vessels in the tumor, which reduces the effectiveness of chemotherapy and immunotherapy (e.g. antibodies). This makes the tumor more difficult to treat. The reduced lymphatic drainage increases the interstitial fluid pressure within the tumor
Studies on solid stress in tumors have opened up new avenues for the treatment of fibrotic cancers. Medications used to reduce collagen and hyaluronic acid responsible for the stress are being evaluated to treat tumors.

Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital have arrived at new experimental and mathematical frameworks to measure solid stress within tumors. These can be used to:
  • Provide two-dimensional method of mapping solid stress in tumors
  • Estimate low levels of solid stress within small solid tumors thus providing a sensitive test for solid stress
  • Quantify solid stress in cancers in living animals
  • Differentiate between primary and secondary tumors (tumors that have spread from the primary tumor), since they differ in solid stress
The researchers found that solid stress depends on:
  • The cancer cells as well as their microenvironment
  • Tumor size; it increases as the size of the tumor increases
  • Mechanical confinement of the tumor by the surrounding tissues
Reduction in the solid stress will improve blood supply to the tumor and allow transfer of chemotherapy and immunotherapy to the tumor thereby improving the outcome of the cancer. In fact, two such medications are being evaluated in clinical trials, which could revolutionize the treatment of fibrotic cancers. One of these is losartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, a drug that is used in the treatment of hypertension.

References :
  1. Nia HT et al. Solid stress and elastic energy as measures of tumour mechanopathology. Nature Biomedical Engineering 1, Article number: 0004 (2016) doi:10.1038/s41551-016-0004
  2. Kharaishvili G, Simkova D, Bouchalova K, Gachechiladze M, Narsia N and Bouchal J. The role of cancer-associated fibroblasts, solid stress and other microenvironmental factors in tumor progression and therapy resistance. Cancer Cell International 2014; 14:41; DOI: 10.1186/1475-2867-14-41
Source: Medindia

Citations   close


News A-Z
What's New on Medindia
Alarming Cesarean Section Trends in India - Convenience or Compulsion of Corporate Healthcare
Quiz on Low-Calorie Diet for Diabetes
World Heart Day in 2022- Use Heart for Every Heart
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Palpitations And Arrhythmias Stress Relief Through Alternative Medicine Stress and the Gender Divide Andropause / Male Menopause Heart Attack- Lifestyle Risks Is Your Man Moody? Tired All The Time Women More Prone to Road Rage Quiz on Weight Loss Stress 

Most Popular on Medindia

Iron Intake Calculator Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Pregnancy Confirmation Calculator Color Blindness Calculator How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Diaphragmatic Hernia Blood Pressure Calculator Find a Hospital Daily Calorie Requirements Accident and Trauma Care
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use

New Methods for Evaluating Solid Stress in Fibrotic Tumors Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests