- The use of marijuana during pregnancy has increased by 62%,
finds a National Survey.
- Women who have severe morning sickness are more likely to use
marijuana than other pregnant women and it is used most commonly during
the first trimester.
- Marijuana use among non-pregnant women has risen to 9%.
usage has increased by 62% among
pregnant women from 2002 to 2014, revealed a new study published in the Journal of American Medical
These findings are a cause for concern as exposure to marijuana during early stages can lead to anemia, low birth weight and with a higher risk of being
placed in neonatal intensive care.
Nora D. Volkow who is the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse
cautions that there are many websites that promote the use of marijuana during
pregnancy, however, there are serious health complications for the newborn. She urges
doctors to look into health risks associated with marijuana use, which should prevent them from recommending its use.
‘Marijuana use during pregnancy is highly warned against by The American Medical Association.’
maximum use of marijuana was during the first
trimester of pregnancy
same period at which the use is found to be highly risky for the fetus. Though
there are no conclusive studies that detail the risks involved in marijuana
use, it is believed to cause impairment in impulse control, attention during
school years and visual memory. The increased use of marijuana during pregnancy
leads to increased thickness of the frontal cortex during school years and poor
fetal growth during pregnancy.
Recommendations from The American College of
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Women considering pregnancy, pregnant or breastfeeding women should be discouraged
from marijuana and other substance use.
study used data from annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health from 2002 to
2014 which included women from 18 years to 44 years. Researchers assessed data
from 200,510 women of reproductive age, including 10,587 pregnant women.
Marijuana is a banned drug
- There was an increase in marijuana use in 2014, compared to previous
years by 62%.
- Younger women were found to use marijuana more often than older
women. Maximum use of marijuana was identified among women between the
ages 18 and 25.
- The use of marijuana among women who were not pregnant
increased from 6% in 2002 to 9% in 2014.
was found to be the most commonly used banned
drug, according to Volkow.
- Pregnant women who suffered from intense vomiting had a higher
chance of using marijuana than other pregnant women.
but certain people
continue to use and recommend these drugs as a treatment option for hyperemesis
gravidarum, which is characterized by
excessive vomiting, dehydration, sometimes even requiring intravenous glucose
the US, Washington D.C and 29 states allow the use of marijuana for medical
reasons and vomiting is one among them. There is no specific clause added to
pregnancy so people continue to use them, without understanding the long-term complications on the health of the fetus.
the total number of pregnant women who use marijuana is not very high and only
4% of women use the drug during pregnancy, there could be an increase over time
along with the risks associated with use before pregnancy.
refers to the dried stem, leaves and flowers of the plant Cannabis sativa
and it contains the
'mind altering chemical' called delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other
is the most popular and easily accessible drug in The U.S. In a study conducted
on high school students, it was found that marijuana use has plateaued though
there was a steady increase a few years earlier. The number of people, however,
who believe that the use of marijuana is bad for health, is decreasing. People,
who have used drugs that are less common, are more likely to have used this
drug. Most people who use marijuana never move on to other drugs and this drug
is considered the 'gateway drug'.
than 10% of people who are on marijuana become dependent on the drug and this
drug is normally used to ease pain and to lower withdrawal symptoms associated
with tobacco and alcohol use. The use of this drug as a pain reliever continues
to its use as a remedy for morning sickness among pregnant women. However,
the use is not only hazardous to the baby during pregnancy but is found to
affect the child even during school going years.
This has motivated medical
experts to strongly condemn the use of marijuana during pregnancy as well as
use months prior to pregnancy.
- Is marijuana a gateway drug? - (http://www.drugpolicy.org/facts/drug-facts/marijuana/marijuana-gateway-drug)
- What is marijuana? - (https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana)