About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Low-Fat or Low-Calorie Diet Improves Hepatitis C

Font : A-A+

Low-Fat or Low-Calorie Diet Improves Hepatitis C

A diet plan that includes a low-fat diet or a low-calorie diet along with adequate exercise or physical activity could benefit overweight patients with hepatitis C infection, reveals recent study.

Obesity has been associated with insulin resistance, which can give rise to diabetes. In addition, it could also worsen the liver damage in hepatitis C.


A study conducted in Romania assessed the effect of diet control in overweight patients with hepatitis C. Some patients were assigned a specific low-calorie diet (NGLCD), whereas others received a low-fat diet. Their adherence to the diet was estimated based on a food journal submitted by the patients. The patients also participated in a lifestyle management program, which included 30 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity for 3-7 days a week.

The normoglucidic low-calorie diet provided 50-60% calories from carbohydrates per day, 25-35% from fat and 15% from proteins. The simple sugars were restricted to less than 5% of the caloric intake. In the low-fat diet, the fat intake was limited to 20% of total daily calorie intake. The carbohydrate, protein and fiber intake were more as compared to the low-calorie diet. The patients were evaluated at the baseline and at 6 and 12 months after introduction of the dietary and lifestyle changes.

Data was obtained from a total of 110 subjects. The weight loss was more in the low-calorie group at the end of 6 months, but was similar in both groups at the end of 1 year. There was a reduction in fasting plasma glucose levels and an improvement in insulin resistance at the end of 1 year, which were similar in both the groups.

Liver function tests and lipid profiles showed an improvement in both the groups. Improvements in the liver structure were also observed.

The number of people who dropped out from the low-fat diet was significantly higher than those taking the low-calorie diet, which could indicate that the former was not as pleasant as the latter. The diets did not have any adverse effects on the function of the kidneys.

An important benefit highlighted in the study was the reduction in metabolic syndrome brought about by the two diets. The presence of metabolic syndrome increases the chances of future heart disease.

The study thus found that both the diets when accompanied by physical activity are beneficial in patients with hepatitis C infection. They help to improve the glucose control and lipid levels. They also improve the health of the liver in terms of structure and function. Thus, they should be advised along with antiviral medication in the treatment of hepatitis C patients. It is necessary that these diets should be adopted over a long term to experience the benefits.

Reference :

Effects of lifestyle changes including specific dietary intervention and physical activity in the management of patients with chronic hepatitis C - a randomized trial; http://www.nutritionj.com/content/12/1/119

Source: Medindia

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Woman with Rare Spinal Cord Defect from Birth Sues Doctor
World AIDS Day 2021 - End Inequalities, End AIDS
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Diet Pills Low Carbohydrate Diet Atkins Diet The Cabbage Diet South Beach Diet Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Negative Calorie Diet Bulimia Nervosa Amoebic Dysentery 

Recommended Reading
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a contagious viral disease affecting the liver that is caused by the hepatitis C ......
Liver Cancer - Animation
Liver is the largest organ inside the human body. It performs 500 different functions and processes ...
Junk Foods and Hepatitis C
Researches show that the effects of consuming fast foods could be as bad as hepatitis C....
High Occurrence of Metabolic Syndrome in Smokers
Metabolic syndrome predisposes threat of coronary heart ailments and smoking can increase the risk ....
Amoebic Dysentery
Amoebic dysentery or amoebiasis is an infection of the intestine that causes diarrhoea most frequent...
Atkins Diet
Atkins diet is a low carbohydrate diet and aids in weight loss. It was developed by Robert Atkins....
Bulimia Nervosa
The term ''Bulimia'' refers to episodes of uncontrolled excessive eating, known as "binges," followe...
Diet Pills
Diet pills are flooding the market by millions. The positive side of diet pills to most people is th...
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is the most benign of the hepatitis viruses and usually has no long term side effects. H...
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is inflammation of the liver due to infection with the hepatitis B virus....
Low Carbohydrate Diet
A low carbohydrate diet helps achieve weight loss. It is a diet plan that restricts the carbohydrate...
Negative Calorie Diet
The History of dieting probably dates back to the year 1807. It was believed that King William sudde...
South Beach Diet
South Beach Diet plan originally developed to prevent heart disease, soon gained popularity as weigh...
The Cabbage Diet
The plausible reason that can be sited is the inherent low calorie property of cabbage....

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use