On this day, each year, it is customary for
the WHO to identify a key health issue
of global significance and kick
start local, regional and international events linked to that issue, and to
continue organizing these events through out the year.
year, 2011, the World Health Day will be focusing on the issue of antimicrobial resistance
impact on a global level. On this day WHO plans to introduce a six-point
to fight the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
resistance is not a new problem; it has been around for a while but of late
its consequences are more ominous than it ever was.
Before the discovery of antimicrobial drugs
, such as
antibiotics, humans fell easy prey to infections. The human species has survived longer and continues to lead
healthier lives only after adding antimicrobials, as arsenals, to his health
Today, due to the use and misuse of drugs, we are on the brink of
a civilizational collapse
as it has been increasingly revealed that more
and more microorganisms are becoming resistant to antimicrobials.
What is the cause of
resistance to antimicrobials or antibiotics?
Drug resistance is a natural evolutionary phenomenon in the
microbial world. Certain strains of microorganism succumb to the exposed
antimicrobial whereas others survive and become resistant to the antimicrobial.
This resistance is passed on to their
offspring and over generations certain micro-organisms become resistance to
most antimicrobials and become super-bugs .
or, drug resistance
occurs when bacteria, virus, fungi or parasite
mutate, or change, in such a way that the medication that are used to treat them are rendered
Consequences of Drug Resistance
infection caused by a super bug is treatment- resistant
and is of major
concern as it has the potential to easily spread or even prove fatal.
resistance has been brought about by careless use of antimicrobials in human
medicines, in animal husbandry and in domestic cleaning products,
Drug resistance poses a severe threat to
mankind as it has managed to make several medicines used today ineffective and
has impaired any advancement made in this field of research.
Measures to Combat Drug Resistance on
World Health Day 2011
for to curtail drug resistance and to avoid regression to pre-antibiotic era.
It is only through the judicious use of drugs can man win this war against
On World Health Day 2011, the World
Health Organization (WHO)
is to issue a call for action to halt the spread of antimicrobial resistance,
It is introducing a six-point policy package for all countries to combat
antimicrobial resistance. WHO will call on everyone which includes -
• Policy-makers and planners
• The public and patients
• Practitioners and prescribers
• Pharmacists and dispensers
• The pharmaceutical industry
...to think, act and take responsibility for combating drug resistance.