Global Nutrition Report 2017 shows that India is under the burden of malnutrition.
According to the report, about 21 percent of children under five in India are 'wasted' or 'severely wasted'. This means that they do not weight enough for their height. Globally, the number of children who are wasted is 52 million.
Among children in India, 38 percent are stunting. Stinting is common among children of other countries too. Globally about 155 million children are stunted. Stunting is a condition where children are too short for their age due to lack of nutrients.
India has the largest number of anemia among women in the world. Over half of Indian women in reproductive age suffers from anemia, a condition of having a lesser than normal count of red blood cells. In 2016, the percentage of women in India who are anemic was 48. The report shows a rise in the number of anemia among Indian women.
"Low awareness, illiteracy and the practice of putting the family before self when it comes to care are factors that often deter women in India from taking proper nutrition and care for themselves leading to anemia." Dr Indu Taneja, Fortis Escorts Hospital.
Currently anemia is a global health issue that affects women even in high income countries. In the world, 614 million women ages 15 to 49 are affected by anemia.
Another indicator, obesity is also common among women in India. According to the report, more than 22 percent of women in India are obese. Globally, around 2 million people are overweight or obese and 95 countries are dealing with the burden of obesity.
The world is off track to meet all global nutrition targets. The Global Nutrition Report 2017 shows that 1 in 3 people in the world are malnourished and 2 billion people lack key micronutrients like iron and vitamin A.
About 88 percent of the countries in the world face serious burden of two or three forms of malnutrition. A total of 29 countries in the world are burdened with the triple burden of malnutrition - stunting, overweight, and anemia.
- Global Nutrition Report, 2017.