Why It's Important
Obesity affects approximately 18 percent of children in the U.S. Recent studies show that obesity is growing fastest among young children between the ages of 2 to 5 years.
A recent study found that sugary drinks may be marketed more heavily toward low-income children and teens.
Link Between Attitudes and Behavior
In a previous study, Woo Baidal and her team found that nearly 90 percent of parents and 66 percent of infants between one and two years old who were enrolled in a local Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program, a nutritional supplementation program for low-income families, regularly consumed sweetened beverages. Families with more negative attitudes toward sugary beverages were less likely to drink them or give them to their infants.
"We were surprised at how many parents and infants were regularly consuming drinks with added sugar. To influence behavior, we needed a better understanding of the factors that influence parents' attitudes," Woo Baidal explains.
Clearing Up Confusion about "Healthy" Drinks
In the current study, the researchers conducted in-depth interviews with 25 of the WIC-enrolled families from the previous study. Families were asked to respond to a variety of materials from public health campaigns and other interventions, including written messages and visual aids, about the sugar content and associated health risks of sugar-sweetened drinks.
Many families were confused about which beverages are healthy, the researchers found and were surprised to learn that many juices and flavored milk contain large amounts of sugar.
Families were more receptive toward materials especially images and graphic warning labels explaining the sugar content of different beverages and the health risks they pose for children. They indicated the need to include information about culturally relevant drinks and other alternatives to plain water. In contrast, families were less responsive toward materials that advised parents what to consume without giving them facts so they could make their own informed decisions.
"Parents were unreceptive to finger-wagging messages about what they should buy or drink, but most welcomed information that would help them make healthy choices for themselves and their families," Woo Baidal says.
"Although our study was small, our findings could inform broader strategies to counter the mixed messages that many low-income families get about what's healthy and what's not."
The researchers plan to conduct a larger, randomized study to learn how different ways of presenting information about the health risks of sugary drinks affect families' purchasing habits and consumption.
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