The program, called the Grand Challenges Explorations, will target scientists in Africa and Asia -- where diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria are widespread -- but will accept proposals from scientists worldwide.
The program will use a shorter application form that will be reviewed in a few months, compared with six months or more for typical grant applications. The new program is an expansion of the Gates Foundation's Grand Challenges in Global Health program, which was launched in 2003.
According to the Gates Foundation, the grants will support hundreds of early-stage research ventures that involve scientists from multiple disciplines. The program also will focus on quickly evaluating a large number of ideas that could lead to new vaccines, diagnostics, drugs and other technologies.
The grants will average about $100,000 each, and scientists whose projects are successful can apply for additional funding. The first call for proposals will be announced in early 2008, and the first grants are expected to be announced by fall 2008, according to the AP/Houston Chronicle.
The grants will be solicited and awarded several times annually on a rolling basis, with each round addressing specific global health topics.
Source: Kaiser Family Foundation