Leanne ten Brinke is a psychology PhD student at the University of Columbia (UBC).
She did analysis of over 300,000 frames of the upper and lowed face. Brinke
said, "Particularly in the lower face, liars were much more likely to be what
we termed as 'emotionally turbulent'."
When compared with those were genuinely sorry, participants
who displayed false remorse exhibited more of the seven universal emotions
(happiness, sadness, fear, disgust, anger, surprise, and contempt). The emotions displayed in facial expressions were further
classified into three categories- positive (happiness), negative (sadness,
fear, anger, contempt, disgust) and neutral (neutral, surprise). Researchers noticed
that participants who were genuinely sorry did not swing directly from positive
to negative emotions, but first went through neutral emotions. While those who
were faking remorse made direct transitions from positive to negative emotions.
The findings of this study have important implications for forensic
psychologists, parole officers and legal decision-makers as they need to assess
the truthfulness of remorseful displays and look for genuine remorse before
sentencing or releasing decisions.