by Pooja Shete on  February 21, 2021 at 11:33 PM Drug News
Drug-Resistant Typhoid Fever Detected In The US
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has said that a new drug-resistant strain of Salmonella Typhi which causes typhoid has infected at least 71 people in the United States.

In the starting of 2016, this new strain- extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Typhi, caused a large outbreak in Pakistan's Sindh province and has spread throughout that country and now this strain is also seen in the United States. The extensively drug-resistant strain is resistant to antibiotics like ampicillin, ceftriaxone, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole that are usually recommended to treat typhoid. However, azithromycin and carbapenem were effective treatments against the strain.

Louise Francois Watkins, MD, MPH, medical officer in the CDC's Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch said, "This marks the first time cases of ceftriaxone-resistant Typhi infections have been identified in the United States that don't appear to have been acquired during international travel."

In the United States as of January 14 of this year, the CDC reported 71 accounts of XDR Typhi infection. Out of the 67 patients with known travel history, 58 patients had traveled to Pakistan in the 30 days before illness began, but the remaining another nine patients had not left the United States during that time.

Watkins said, "Because typhoid fever (the infection caused by the Salmonella Typhi bacterium) can cause severe illness and death if not treated, the emergence of antibiotic-resistant typhoid fever has become an increasing concern over the past decade."

Siddhartha Thakur, DVM, PhD, a professor of molecular epidemiology at North Carolina State University in Raleigh said that typhi is more common in South Asian countries where it is most often spread through contaminated drinking water.

He added that Typhi cases in the US are rare as the drinking water is safe.

He said, "This strain is concerning. I have seen in the past how new strains of pathogens come to the US from people who travel or food that's imported, and slowly they establish themselves."

The CDC has not established any link among the patients or a common source of infection in the patients with no travel history who are living in six states- New York, California, Illinois, Maryland, New Jersey, and Texas.

The patients may have been infected after coming in contact with someone who had traveled to Pakistan. Even though many people do not experience any symptoms, they can still spread the bacteria. Thakur said that these patients may have consumed an imported food or beverage, or even touched an object contaminated by someone with an infection.

Source: Medindia

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