New study explores the link between hydration status before exercising and exercise-enhanced cognition in older adults.
The study, to be presented today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2018 in San Diego reveals middle-age and older adults often display a blunted thirst perception, which places them at risk for dehydration and subsequently may reduce the cognitive health-related benefits of exercise.
Dehydration has been shown to impair exercise performance and brain function in young people, but less is known about its impact on older populations.
The research team tested the volunteers' urine before they exercised and divided them into two groups--normal hydration and dehydrated--based on their hydration status. The normal hydration group showed noticeable improvement in the completion time of the trail-making test after cycling when compared to their pre-cycling test. The dehydration group also completed their post-cycling test more quickly, but the time reduction was not significant. "This suggests that older adults should adopt adequate drinking behaviors to reduce cognitive fatigue and potentially enhance the cognitive benefits of regular exercise participation," the researchers wrote.
Brandon Yates, MS, of Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, will present the poster "Dehydration impairs executive function task in middle-age and older adults following endurance exercise" on Sunday, April 22, in the Exhibit Hall of the San Diego Convention Center.