Drink made from blueberry and blackberry wines may provide a tasty way to help people with diabetes and cancer, say researchers. "We're thinking about a dealcoholized fermented fruit beverage that would optimize the inhibition of the alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase enzymes and also make use of the wines' other healthful bioactive components," said Elvira de Mejia, a U of I professor of food chemistry and food toxicology. Graduate student Michelle Johnson evaluated the nutritional value of 19 Illinois wines, deciding on a blueberry-blackberry blend for maximum effectiveness. In the in vitro study, the scientists compared the anti-carb effects of the alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase enzymes with acarbose, an anti-diabetes drug. The carb-degrading enzymes were inhibited in a range of 91.8 percent for alpha-amylase compared to acarbose and 103.2 percent for alpha-glucosidase compared to acarbose, de Mejia said. The study is the first to assess the effect of berry fermentation at different temperatures on these carb-inhibiting enzymes. At both room and cold (4 degree C) temperatures, berry wine retained the ability to degrade the enzymes, she said. In a second study, Johnson quantified the antioxidant, polyphenol, and anthocyanin content of blueberry and blackberry wines. Her proposed blend contains an abundance of these bioactive compounds, which add to its healthful properties. The researchers are particularly interested in the ability of anthocyanins to reduce inflammation, which contributes to the development of many chronic illnesses, including cancer, metabolic disease, and cardiovascular disease. To that end, they are experimenting with the berries' effects on inflammatory cells, and they have found that anthocyanins reduce markers associated with the inflammatory response. "Preliminary studies have indicated that anthocyanins may have a positive effect on cognition and overall brain health while protecting against some of the effects of aging, such as Alzheimer's disease and memory loss. These berries have some very intriguing components," de Mejia said. A food chemist, de Mejia would like to remove the alcohol from the wines, leaving the carb-degrading enzyme compounds, the inflammation-fighting anthocyanins, and other beneficial bioactive components in a functional and flavourful drink for diabetics and others. The bioactive ingredients could also be added to any prepared beverage to give it colour, flavour, and nutritional punch, making them useful to the food industry, she said.Source: ANI << Apple Most Valuable Company in Market History Report Says Abortion Seekers 'Seven Times' More Likely to b... >> Recommended Reading Acai Berry - Does It Really Work? Although acai berry is a nutritious food, it is the hype that is wrongly making it a magic fruit. READ MORE European Wines Get New Organic Label As the EU tightens rules on winemaking to rival organic bottles from the New World, organic wines produced in Europe will be able to be sold under a certified label this year. READ MORE Quiz on Cancer Cancer, is the second most leading cause of death worldwide. Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Take this quiz on and test how much you know about ... READ MORE Bubbles and Brews - Alcohol Facts There is more to alcohol than mere intoxication. Infamous because of its social abuse but indispensable because of its many industrial applications. READ MORE Drug Toxicity Drug toxicity is an adverse reaction of the body towards a drug that results as a side effect of a drug, reaction to a drug or drug abuse. READ MORE Drugs Banned in India Several drugs are either banned or withdrawn after introduction in the market. READ MORE Pancreatitis Pancreatitis or inflammation of the pancreas may show up as acute pancreatitis or chronic pain. Alcohol consumption is the main offender. Treatment requires hospitalization and at times surgery. READ MORE Tattoos A Body Art Tattoos are a rage among college students who sport it for the ‘cool dude’ or ‘cool babe’ look READ MORE Most Popular on Medindia Turmeric Powder - Health Benefits, Uses & Side Effects Blood Pressure Calculator Vent Forte (Theophylline) More News on: Drug ToxicityCancer and HomeopathyBubbles and Brews - Alcohol FactsCancer FactsCancerTattoos A Body ArtPancreatitisDrugs Banned in IndiaAcai Berry - Does It Really Work?