Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect an individual's thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. Even when depressed people have the opportunity to decrease their sadness, but most of them do not necessarily try to do so, revealed a new research.
Study's first author Yael Millgram from The Hebrew University in Jerusalem, Israel, said, "Our findings show that, contrary to what we might expect, depressed people sometimes choose to behave in a manner that increases rather than decreases their sadness. This is important because it suggests that depressed individuals may sometimes be unsuccessful in decreasing their sadness in daily life because, in some sense, they hold on to it."
In one of the studies that the researcher team conducted, 61 female participants were given a well-established screening measure for symptoms of depression. All of the study participants were then asked to complete an image selection task. The images were then presented in random order and were drawn from a group of 10 happy images, 10 sad images, and 10 emotionally neutral images. Comparing across the three types of images, when the researchers looked specifically at how the groups responded to the sad images, they found that subjects who were depressed chose to view those images again more often than the non-depressed participants did.
These findings were confirmed in another study involving selection of music. Again, the researchers found that depressed participants were more likely to choose sad music to listen than happy or neutral music. The sad music clip was chosen by only 24% of the non-depressed participants but by 62% of the depressed participants.
Millgram said, "Depressed participants indicated that they would feel less sad if they listened to happy music and more sad if they listened to sad music, but they picked the sad music to listen to. We were surprised that depressed participants made such choices although they were aware of how these types of music would make them feel."
The findings are published in the Psychological Science.