The Department of Disability Affairs (Nishaktata Karya Vibhag) has renamed itself as Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (Viklangjan Sashaktikaran Vibhag).
Nishaktata Karya Vibhag was under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Gazette notification in this regard has been issued by the Government of India.
Census 2001 has revealed that over 21 million people in India as suffering from one or the other kind of disability. This is equivalent to 2.1 percent of the population. Among the total disabled in the country, 12.6 million are males and 9.3 million are females.
Among the five types of disabilities on which data has been collected, disability In seeing at 48.5 persons emerges as the top category. Others in sequence are: In movement (27.9 percent), Mental (10.3 percent), In speech (7.5 percent), and In hearing (5.8 percent).
The disabled by sex follow a similar pattern except for that the proportion of disabled females is higher in the category In seeing and In hearing.
Across the country, the highest number of disabled has been reported from the state of Uttar Pradesh (3.6 million). Significant numbers of disabled have also been reported from the state like Bihar (1.9 million), West Bengal (1.8million), Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra (1.6 million each).
Tamil Nadu is the only state, which has a higher number of disabled females than males. Among the states, Arunachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of disabled males (66.6 percent) and lowest proportion of female disabled.