A type of growth mutation suffered by a group of Ecuadorian dwarfs could provide a vital insight in finding a cure for cancer according to a study published in the journal, Science Translational Medicine.
The 22-year long study analyzed the health of 99 individuals from a north Ecuador province and found that just one of them developed cancer. In comparison, around 17 percent of the group's normal sized relatives developed cancer while over 5 percent suffered from diabetes.
Lead research Dr Jaime Guevara-Aguirre said that the growth mutation could be the reason for the lack of any chronic disease among the group. Dr Guevara-Aguirre said that all of the individuals were in perfect proportion apart from a mutation in their growth hormone receptor gene that caused stunted growth and added that findings could pave way to manufacturing drugs that provided similar protection to others.