Exposure to secondhand marijuana smoke from cigarettes aggravates the symptoms of children and adults suffering from uncontrolled asthma who have cannabis allergy. The findings of the research were presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting.
"A 6-year-old boy suffering with severe asthma had family members who frequently smoked marijuana in the house," says allergist Bryce Hoffman, MD, ACAAI member and lead author of the study. "Even though family members didn't smoke marijuana in the same room as the child, he was exposed to traces of smoke and plant material. It was not clear why his asthma was so severe and not responding to aggressive asthma therapies until we determined he was allergic to cannabis. After the cannabis was removed from the house, his asthma improved."
‘On removal of cannabis from home, asthma symptoms improved’
In addition to the young boy's allergies to cannabis, the study indicates his grandmother also had a history of hives after personal use of cannabis.
"Although the boy didn't have any clear allergic symptoms such as hives - like his grandmother - we know indoor allergens like pets and dust mites can make asthma worse without obvious allergic symptoms," says Dr. Hoffman. "This is different from secondhand tobacco smoke which worsens asthma by irritating the lungs in a non-allergic way. The takeaway is that cannabis allergy can make asthma worse even without direct use. Anyone using cannabis needs to consider that others living in their house who have asthma - particularly children - may be at risk of uncontrolled asthma."
If your child has asthma that isn't well controlled, see an allergist. An allergist can set your child on the right track for the long term to handle their allergies or asthma.