Polling shows a strong majority of Canadians - 85% - support the right to die. Canada's high court has now given parliament another four months to rewrite the law in order to allow doctors to help gravely ill patients die upon request.
The Canadian government had asked for time to amend the nation's Criminal Code after the court in February 2014 quashed a section prohibiting assisted suicide, effectively authorizing it for consenting adults with serious health problems. The court had already suspended its ruling for one year to allow legislators an opportunity to enact new rules surrounding the divisive issue.
But a new Liberal government won an October 2015 general election and asked for a further six-month delay. The court said, "Granting the further extension is an 'extraordinary step', since its effect is to maintain an unconstitutional law."
On Thursday, January 14, 2016, local media reported that two people in Quebec had already asked for help dying.
One of them was approved and died in hospital. Health officials are still considering the second request.
Elsewhere in Canada, until June 2016 when the injunction is set to expire, a patient may seek permission from a judge to proceed.
The Supreme Court's February 2015 decision had reversed its own 1993 ruling in the case of Sue Rodriguez, a pioneer in the fight for the right to die in Canada.
At that time, the court had expressed concern about protecting vulnerable persons, but in its newer ruling in 2015 pointed to changed Canadian social values.
Some form of physician-assisted dying is legal in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland and in a handful of US states.