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By Analysing Single Hair, New Laser Beam can Tell What Person Had for Breakfast

by Kathy Jones on April 30, 2011 at 6:54 PM
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 By Analysing Single Hair, New Laser Beam can Tell What Person Had for Breakfast

A new laser that can tell what a person has eaten for breakfast by just analysing a single strand of hair has been developed by scientists.

The beam gives unprecedented sensitivity to chemical analysis and allows researchers to create an hour-by-hour picture of what an individual has eaten.

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They can even tell where a person has been by examining the chemicals, which are in their hair.

Previous techniques had burned hair samples but the new method breaks them down instead and allows far more precise readings.

The researchers hope that it could be used for forensic science or by biologists exploring ruins - in theory they will be able to find out far more about the diet of ancient fossils they find.
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Standard chemical analysis involves taking samples and putting them in mass spectrometers, machines that weigh and identify samples.

Until now lasers have been used to create the tiny 50 micron-wide samples but they scorch them because the beam is too powerful.

A team from U.S. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory got around the problem by using ultraviolet rays instead.

"The carbon you eat goes into your hair, so hair is a record of carbon ratios," the Daily Mail quoted lead researcher Jim Moran, a geochemist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, as saying.

"If you've been travelling, I could guess which countries you've been to or what you ate.

"With a single hair, we've shown you can take carbon isotope measurements over time instead of just chopping up the sample and averaging everything," he said.

Currently the research is only looking at carbon in samples, but experts said it could soon expand beyond that.

Source: ANI
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