The Right Reverend Michael Nazir-Ali said the works of Shakespeare or Milton could not have been written without the English translation of the Bible and the publication of the Book of Common Prayer, while great paintings and pieces of music were inspired by Christianity and made to be showcased in churches and cathedrals.
Yet he claimed many people are now ignorant of the religious background to our culture.
The bishop, a prominent conservative in the Church of England who boycotted this year's gathering of Anglican Communion leaders in the ongoing row over homosexuality, was quoted by The Telegraph as saying that the church should do more to ensure schools, television companies and radio channels educate their audiences.
He was delivering a speech to the Prayer Book Society here.
"We need a partnership between the church and schools and the state to make sure that the Christian story is known. The church should work in partnership with television, with radio and with the media in general to enable people to understand where these things are coming from. Even if they don't agree with it, at least they have the information," he said.