About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Botulinum Toxin for Preventive Treatment of Chronic Migraine

by Ramya Rachamanti on January 4, 2019 at 11:23 AM
Font : A-A+

Botulinum Toxin for Preventive Treatment of Chronic Migraine

Botulinum toxin injections are effective in reducing the frequency of chronic migraine headaches, according to an updated review and analysis in the January issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Based on meta-analysis of pooled clinical trial data, botulinum toxin is superior to inactive placebo for preventive treatment of migraine, report Prof. Benoit Chaput, MD, PhD, of University Hospital Rangueil, Toulouse, France, and colleagues. "Botulinum toxin is a safe and well-tolerated treatment that should be proposed to patients with migraine," the researchers write.

Advertisement


Assembled Evidence Supports Effectiveness of Botox for Chronic Migraine

Prof. Chaput and colleagues identified and analyzed data from 17 previous randomized trials comparing botulinum toxin with placebo for preventive treatment of migraine headaches. Botulinum toxin - best known by the brand name Botox - was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of chronic migraine in 2010. Since then, a growing number of patients have reported successful results with botulinum toxin injections to alleviate chronic migraine headaches.
Advertisement

The 17 studies included nearly 3,650 patients, about 1,550 of whom had chronic migraine: defined as at least 15 headache attacks per month for more than three months, with migraine symptoms on at least eight days per month. The remaining patients had less-frequent episodic migraine headaches.

On pooled data analysis, botulinum toxin injections significantly reduced the frequency of chronic migraine attacks with. Three months after injection, patients treated with botulinum toxin had an average of 1.6 fewer migraine attacks per month, compared to those treated with inactive placebo.

The improvement was apparent within two months of botulinum toxin treatment. To sustain the effects of treatment, botulinum toxin injections are typically repeated every three months.

There was also a "statistical tendency" toward less-frequent attacks with botulinum toxin in patients with episodic migraine. Again, improvement occurred within two months. Although botulinum toxin had a higher rate of adverse effects compared to placebo, none of these were serious.

The pooled data also showed significant improvement in quality of life in patients treated with botulinum toxin. This improvement was directly linked to a reduction in depressive symptoms. "It can be explained by the reduced impact of headaches and migraine-related disability, thus reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety," Prof. Chaput and coauthors write.

Migraine headaches are an increasingly common condition, leading to significant disability and increased use of healthcare resources. Although botulinum toxin injection for chronic migraine is FDA-approved, there are still conflicting data regarding its effectiveness. The new report provides a comprehensive analysis of the highest-quality evidence to date, including three randomized trials not included in previous reports.

The results strongly support the effectiveness of botulinum toxin injection as preventive treatment for chronic migraine, with significant reductions in headache frequency at both two and three months. Prof. Chaput and colleagues add, "For the first time, our analysis highlights the significant improvement in patients' quality of life at three months in the Botox group - which exhibited few and mild adverse events."



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Can Adjusting Fatty Acid Intake Improve Mood in Bipolar Disorder Patients?
Insulin Resistance Doubles the Risk of Major Depressive Disorder
Emotional Healing
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Detox Diet Migraine Botox Headache / Cephalgia Headache Symptom Evaluation Retinal Migraine / Ocular Migraine Menstrual Migraine Botulism Drug Induced Headache 

Recommended Reading
Migraine
Migraine is a chronic disorder characterized by headache, nausea, vomiting or sensitivity to light ....
Botox
Botox injections, the fastest growing cosmetic procedures, are considered as the ultimate fountain o...
Botulism
Botulism is a rare but potentially lethal illness caused by botulinum neurotoxin released by the bac...
Detox Diet
A detox diet helps remove harmful toxins from the body and can be followed for a day or a week. Deto...
Drug Induced Headache
Medication-induced headache (MIH) or a medication-overuse headache (MOH) is a condition where a pati...
Headache / Cephalgia
A headache literally means ‘pain in the head’. It is a common complaint that may occur frequently in...
Headache Symptom Evaluation
A headache could vary in features according to the cause....
Menstrual Migraine
Menstrual migraine refers to severe headaches occurring in women two to three days before onset and ...
Retinal Migraine / Ocular Migraine
Ocular migraine consists of brief periods of visual loss in one eye, which is accompanied or precede...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use