Blood Pressure Drug Tied to Lower Risk of Gout

by Iswarya on  January 28, 2020 at 12:17 PM Drug News
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Amlodipine, an antihypertensive drug can decrease the long-term gout risk compared to lisinopril and chlorthalidone, reports a new study. The findings of the study are published in the Journal of Hypertension.
Blood Pressure Drug Tied to Lower Risk of Gout
Blood Pressure Drug Tied to Lower Risk of Gout

Affecting more than 7 million adults in the United States, gout is characterized by a sudden onset of pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints and caused by the formation of urate crystal in small spaces between joints that builds up when high amounts of uric acid circulate in the blood.

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While gout is linked to consuming some foods, including red meat, seafood, and alcohol, it is also a common complication of blood pressure management and a frequently cited reason patients don't take their medication as directed. However, few studies provide guidance for physicians selecting antihypertensive medications for patients at risk for gout.

"Our study is clinically relevant as the prevalence of gout has been rising in the United States, and the number of Americans meeting newly-revised diagnostic thresholds for hypertension has doubled," said corresponding author Stephen Juraschek, MD, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Medicine at BIDMC. "Our study demonstrated that amlodipine was associated with a lower risk of gout compared with chlorthalidone or lisinopril, which has never been reported prior to this study."

Juraschek and colleagues conducted a secondary analysis of the data generated by the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). This clinical trial evaluated the effect of common blood pressure drugs on cardiovascular outcomes in more than 20,000 participants treated at 623 medical centers in North America between 1994 and 2002.

"Further research is needed to confirm these findings," said Juraschek. "Other health outcomes, such as heart failure, should also be considered with choosing a blood pressure drug."

Source: Eurekalert

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