Avocado seed extract exhibits anti-inflammatory properties in a laboratory study, finds new research. According to the researchers, the extract from the avocado seeds could be developed as a functional food ingredient or pharmaceuticals that become a potential source of novel anti-inflammatory compounds.
The researchers developed the extract over the last decade as a food colourant and it is not known whether the compounds responsible for the extract's vibrant orange color play any role in its ability to inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, said Lambert.
To determine the anti-inflammatory properties of the avocado seed extract, the researchers used cell culture models and enzymes that are important in immune response and inflammatory diseases.
The researchers measured the production of important pro-inflammatory mediators and signalling pathways in the cells after treatment with the extract.
"The next step, before we can draw further conclusions about the anti-inflammatory activity of this avocado seed extract, will be to design animal model studies," Lambert explained.
"The level of activity that we see from the extract is very good. We saw inhibitory activity at concentrations in the low microgram-per-milliliter range, which is an acceptable amount of activity to justify further studies," Lambert added.
The discovery could be important because cancer, cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, colitis and many more serious conditions are associated with chronic inflammation, suggests the study published in the journal Advances in Food Technology and Nutritional Sciences.