About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Artificial Intelligence Predicts Type of Bacterial Infection in Pneumonia Patients

by Samhita Vitta on July 25, 2020 at 11:29 AM
Font : A-A+

Artificial Intelligence Predicts Type of Bacterial Infection in Pneumonia Patients

Artificial intelligence (AI) could help predict the bacteria type that caused the infection in pneumonia patients.

The research is presented at ASM Microbe Online, the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Advertisement


"This research highlights the potential of AI as a supplementary tool for physicians in identifying causal pathogens of pneumonia, even before sputum culture results are available," said Joowhan Sung, M.D., hospitalist at MedStar Southern Maryland Hospital. "We demonstrated that physicians could be assisted by AI to decide appropriate antibiotics."

In the study, investigators showed that AI could use the information available in the emergency room and predict if the patient has MRSA or pseudomonas so that physicians can immediately prescribe specific antibiotics targeting specific bacteria.
Advertisement

Infection caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria is difficult to treat and can be life-threatening. According to the CDC, "more than 2.8 million antibiotic-resistant infections occur, and more than 35,000 people die as a result".

Pneumonia caused by bacteria such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) or pseudomonas can be fatal, as they are resistant to commonly prescribed antibiotics.

Although there are effective antibiotics against these infections, the test, sputum culture, takes at least 48 hours to incubate and identify these bacteria from the sputum, while these patients might deteriorate within hours.

The investigators presented an analysis of more than 50,000 intensive care unit (ICU) admissions data from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in Boston, Massachusetts. The researchers analyzed records of patients who were admitted with pneumonia and trained an AI, 'neural network' agent using the dataset. The AI agent showed promising results in predicting bacteria that caused the infection.

"Similar techniques can be applied to future research on pneumonia amid the current pandemic, such as capturing bacterial co-infection in those with known COVID-19, which could be fatal if undetected," said Sung.

Jun Hyek Jang, M.S., senior researcher at AvoMD, Inc. and Joongheum Park, M.D., hospitalist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, also contributed to this work. This research received no external funding.



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Memory Loss - Can it be Recovered?
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2021 - Fighting for Rights in the Post-COVID Era
Effect of Blood Group Type on COVID-19 Risk and Severity
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Hib Vaccine Otitis Media Pneumonia Flu Q Fever Silicosis Respiratory Distress Syndrome Cough Symptom Evaluation Legionnaires’ disease Whipple’s Disease 

Recommended Reading
Artificial Intelligence Can Predict Worsening of Heart Failure Before Hospitalization
An AI-based sensor can predict the worsening of heart failure days before hospitalization by ......
Kidney Diseases Can Now Easily Diagnosed Using Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence could be used to analyze data, identify patterns, and give calculated ......
Cause Of Blood Clots Distinguished by New Tool
Tool that uses modern technology can distinguish the cause of different types of blood clots has ......
Cough Symptom Evaluation
Cough is a symptom of a condition usually affecting the respiratory tract. It may be acute or chroni...
Hib Vaccine
The Hib vaccine protects children against infections like meningitis and pneumonia that are caused b...
Legionnaires’ disease
Legionnaires’ disease is a severe form of pneumonia caused by a type of bacteria. The infection is l...
Otitis Media
Middle ear infection, or otitis media, is a common type of infection that may or may not accompany t...
Pneumonia
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by a bacteria or a virus. It causes inflammation of...
Q Fever
Q Fever takes its origin from word “query” and is caused by bacteria Coxiella burnetii that infects ...
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
ARDS is a lung condition where the patient suffers from sudden breathlessness, low blood oxygen leve...
Silicosis
Silicosis is a lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline free silica dust. It is characterise...
Whipple’s Disease
Whipple’s disease is a bacterial infection that affects multiple systems like the digestive tract, b...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use