Researchers in Nevada, US, are reporting that waste coffee grounds can provide a cheap, abundant, and environmentally friendly source of biodiesel fuel for powering cars and trucks.
In the new study, Mano Misra, Susanta Mohapatra, and Narasimharao Kondamudi note that the major barrier to wider use of biodiesel fuel is lack of a low-cost, high quality source, or feedstock, for producing that new energy source.
Spent coffee grounds contain between 11 and 20 percent oil by weight, which is about as much as traditional biodiesel feedstocks such as rapeseed, palm, and soybean oil.
Growers produce more than 16 billion pounds of coffee around the world each year.
The used or "spent" grounds remaining from production of espresso, cappuccino, and plain old-fashioned cups of java, often wind up in the trash or find use as soil conditioner.
The scientists estimated, however, that spent coffee grounds can potentially add 340 million gallons of biodiesel to the world's fuel supply.
To verify it, the scientists collected spent coffee grounds from a multinational coffeehouse chain and separated the oil.
They then used an inexpensive process to convert 100 percent of the oil into biodiesel.
The resulting coffee-based fuel, which actually smells like java, had a major advantage in being more stable than traditional biodiesel due to coffee's high antioxidant content, according to the researchers.
Solids left over from the conversion can be converted to ethanol or used as compost, the report notes.
The scientists estimate that the process could make a profit of more than 8 million dollars a year in the U.S. alone.
They plan to develop a small pilot plant to produce and test the experimental fuel within the next six to eight months.