Arabic chemists from the 'Golden Age' have been given long overdue credit, in a new report presented at the 238th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.
The report, by researcher Benjamin Huddle, gives recognition to chemists from the Golden Age of Arabic-Islamic Science, which stretched from the 8th to the 13th centuries.
Huddle did his research on the Golden Age, which produced a portrait of Arabic-Islamic love for learning and reverence for education and knowledge that defies popular modern stereotypes.
During this era, science and medicine in Muslim countries - from southern Europe through North Africa to Central Asia and India - flourished and was unrivaled anywhere in the world.
Muslim physicians and scientists made advancements that built the foundations for the emergence of modern science and medicine in Europe.
"Science in the early Muslim period is largely forgotten today in the Western world, or relegated to pseudo-science," Huddle said.
"We are rediscovering the fact that from 750 to 1258 A.D., the best science in the world was being done by Arabic-speaking peoples. In chemistry, we use language from the Arabs, apparatus and techniques, many chemicals (especially perfumes), and many materials," he added.
The chemists include Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi, Jabir ibn Hayyan, and Abu Jusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi.