A Congenital heart defect characterized by a hole or shunt, developing between the two chambers of the heart. This allows increased blood flow returning to the lungs instead of being directed to the rest of the body through the aorta. The long-standing intracardiac shunt is caused by ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect, or patent ductus arteriosus, causing cyanotic heart defect.
This condition can be detected in fetal echocardiography, or echocardiography early in life.
Ventricular septal defect
Atrial septal defect
Patent ductus arteriosus
Atrioventricular canal defect
Symptoms : Blood
Blue tinge to skin resulting from lack of oxygen (cyanosis)
Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
High red blood cell count
Irregular heart rhythms, called arrhythmia
Chest pain or tightness
Syncope or fainting
Problems in kidney
Gout, due to increased uric acid resorption and production with impaired excretion
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