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Dental

Last Updated on Jan 01, 1900
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Parts of Teeth

  • The tooth is divided into two parts: the crown and the root. The crown is the exposed and visible portion of the teeth above the gums, whereas the root is the portion hidden beneath the gum.
  • Teeth have four layers: enamel, dentine, pulp, and cementum (1 Trusted Source
    Tooth anatomy

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    ).

Types of Teeth

  • There are four different types of teeth: incisors, canines, premolars, and molars (2 Trusted Source
    From molecules to mastication: the development and evolution of teeth

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    ).

Number of Teeth

  • Human adults have 32 teeth, whereas children usually have 20 baby teeth by the age of three (3 Trusted Source
    Teeth

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    ).
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Functions of Teeth

  • The primary function of teeth is mastication, which involves crushing and grinding food into a bolus that can be easily swallowed for further digestion.
  • Teeth are also important for speech and facial appearance (4 Trusted Source
    Anatomy, Head and Neck, Teeth

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    ).

Dental Enamel

  • Dental enamel is the tooth's protective outer layer that shields the tooth crown. It is the hardest substance in the body (5 Trusted Source
    Dental Enamel Formation and Implications for Oral Health and Disease

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    ).
Know Your Teeth

Tooth Decay

Natal Teeth

  • Approximately one out of every 2,000 to 3,500 babies is born with a tooth (7 Trusted Source
    Natal teeth: a review

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    ).
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Gum Disease

  • Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common condition that affects the gums and the bones that support the teeth. It is caused by bacteria that form plaque on the teeth.
  • Periodontal disease (Gum disease) is more common in men than in women.
  • It is more common in adults and increases with age (8 Trusted Source
    Periodontal Disease

    Go to source
    ).

Tooth prints

  • Tooth prints, like fingerprints, are unique to each individual and can be used as an effective aid in person identification (9 Trusted Source
    Ameloglyphics: A possible forensic tool for person identification following high temperature and acid exposure

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    ).

Oral microbiome

  • There are over 700 different strains of bacteria in the oral cavity (10 Trusted Source
    Oral microbiome: Unveiling the fundamentals

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    ).

Dentures

  • Dentures or false teeth, are artificial replacements that are used to replace missed or extracted natural teeth (11 Trusted Source
    Dentures

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    ).

Oral Health and Overall Health

  • Poor oral health can increase the risk of developing serious health conditions like cardiovascular problems (heart attack and stroke), respiratory disease, diabetes, and oral cancer (12 Trusted Source
    Oral Health Conditions

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    ).

References:

  1. Tooth anatomy - (https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/1121.htm)
  2. From molecules to mastication: the development and evolution of teeth - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3632217/)
  3. Teeth - (https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/teeth)
  4. Anatomy, Head and Neck, Teeth - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK557543/)
  5. Dental Enamel Formation and Implications for Oral Health and Disease - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151498/ )
  6. The Role of Fluoride on Caries Prevention - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK587342/)
  7. Natal teeth: a review - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2595049/ )
  8. Periodontal Disease - (https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/conditions/periodontal-disease.html)
  9. Ameloglyphics: A possible forensic tool for person identification following high temperature and acid exposure - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4799516/)
  10. Oral microbiome: Unveiling the fundamentals - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6503789/)
  11. Dentures - (https://medlineplus.gov/dentures.html)
  12. Oral Health Conditions - (https://www.cdc.gov/oralhealth/conditions/index.html)
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