Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act, 1994 - Appropriate authority and Advisory Committee

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Appropriate Authority and Advisory Committee.-

(1) The Central Government shall appoint, by notification in the Official Gazette, one or more Appropriate Authorities for each of the Union territories for the purposes of this Act.

(2) The State Government shall appoint, by notification in the Official Gazette, one or more Appropriate Authorities for the whole or part of the State for the purposes of this Act having regard to the intensity of the problem of pre-natal sex determination leading to female foeticide.

(3) The officers appointed as Appropriate Authorities under sub- section (1) or sub-section (2) shall be,--

          (a)   when appointed for the whole of the State or the Union territory, of or above the rank of the Joint Director of Health and Family Welfare; and

         (b)    when appointed for any part of the State or the Union territory, of such other rank as the State Government or the Central Government, as the case may be, may deem fit.

 (4) The Appropriate Authority shall have the following functions, namely:--

            (a)  to grant, suspend or cancel registration of a Genetic Counselling Centre, Genetic Laboratory or Genetic Clinic;

           (b)  to enforce standards prescribed for the Genetic Counselling Centre, Genetic Laboratory and Genetic Clinic;

           (c)   to investigate complaints of breach of the provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder and take immediate action; and

           (d)   to seek and consider the advice of the Advisory Committee, constituted under sub-section (5), on application for registration and on complaints for suspension or cancellation of registration.

 (5) The Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, shall constitute an Advisory Committee for each Appropriate Authority to aid and advise the Appropriate Authority in the discharge of its functions, and shall appoint one of the members of the Advisory Committee to be its Chairman.

(6) The Advisory Committee shall consist of—

       (a)  three medical experts from amongst gynaecologists, obstericians, paediatricians and medical geneticists;

        (b)  one legal expert;

        (c)   one officer to represent the department dealing with information and publicity of the State Government or the Union territory, as the case may be;

        (d)   three eminent social workers of whom not less than one shall be from amongst representatives of women's organisations.

 (7) No person who, in the opinion of the Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be, has been associated with the use or promotion of pre-natal diagnostic technique for determination of sex shall be appointed as a member of the Advisory Committee.

(8) The Advisory Committee may meet as and when it thinks fit or on the request of the Appropriate Authority for consideration of any application for registration or any complaint for suspension or cancellation of registration and to give advice thereon:

     Provided that the period intervening between any two meetings shall not exceed the prescribed period.

(9) The terms and conditions subject to which a person may be appointed to the Advisory Committee and the procedure to be followed by such Committee in the discharge of its functions shall be such as may be prescribed.



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rsethi, India

Hi everyone . We should all be ashamed of not just the declining sex ratio but of all the atrocities that are committed on the females in our country . The injustice begins at the time of conception and is carried on at home, in offices, public places, everywhere ... If girls were not considered a burden , then people would not want to do away with them, and there would not be any need for such an act which i believe is unique to our country.
Now coming to the PCPNDT ACT, i am sure it has been made after a lot of discussion and deliberation by intellectuals and legal experts but for us doctors and sonologists , it means hours wasted in record keeping and ulcers wondering if our form filling will meet upto the expectations of the Appropriate Authority and tension headaches thinking when the next surprise inspection will be done and what shortcomings will the inspection team find in our clinics and whether our clinic will survive the inspection or wheter it will be sealed for want of a name-plate or mismatched signature or incomplete address or may be a wrong phone no.
We are all qualified professionals and we wish to abide by all the rules and regulations of this Act. It is in fact our moral duty to do all that we can to prevent this female foeticide. If whatever we are doing presently under the Act has actually helped in curtailing the declining sex ratio, then we will continue to do so with joyous heart ......
But my friends, that has not happened except in a very few places.
What the govt. needs is not an Act, but a catch the culprits and to bring them to justice.
Let the members of PNDT committees, the law enforcing officers, the various NGOs, the press people....let them discreetly ask their maids/ sweepers,other helpers....and they will find out where the prenatal sex determination is being done / who is violating the law / and where are those females going for sex selective abortion ...... Then it is upto the authorities to take action.
And please please educate the society......that is the only thing that will decrease the demand and hence dry up the supply of sex determination places.

jayshreepatil, India

you r doing good jos but doing cases on doctors who r not really doing sex determination on due to incomplete record.please think on those doctors after all there carrios get in risk.

spatils, India

yes i am agree with you but you are really doing harashment of the doctors who are not doing sex determination ,only in f-form mistakes please dont do like this this will not improve your sex ratio.remove the culprits who does sex determination

umeshshinde, India

hello..this is worst act as far as doctors are concerned.No doubt it will reduce sex determination but act has certain defects needs to be cured.the punishment of three years is imposed for defects in maintaining records under PNDT act this is not justice to doctors as doctor is person and to make a error is human being then the doctor shouldnt be punished for such small thing i.e defects in filling the forms or maintaining records.The act aims at controlling the sex determination.hence punishment of three years is ok for sex determination.secondly ,the raid shouldnt be allowed without taking confidential permission from health department and after satisfaction of necessity of raid the appropriate authority should conduct the raid.The appropriate authority must have one legal expert to advise.more to write but next time friends....from :umesh A.Shinde advocate satara mo.9822637138

ven-56, India


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