Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998


(See Rule 5)



Waste Category

Treatment & Disposal

Category No. 1

Human Anatomical Waste

(human tissues, organs, body parts)

incineration@/deep burial*

Category No. 2

Animal Waste

(animal tissues, organs, body parts carcasses, bleeding parts, fluid, blood and experimental animals used in research, waste generated by veterinary hospitals colleges, discharge from hospitals, animal houses)

incineration@/deep burial*

Category No. 3

Microbiology and Biotechnology Waste

(wastes from laboratory cultures, stocks or specimens of micro-organisms live or attenuated vaccines, human and animal cell culture used in research and infectious agents from research and industrial laboratories, wastes from production of biological, toxins, dishes and devices used for transfer of cultures)

local autoclaving/microwaving


Category No. 4

Waste sharps

(needles, syringes, scalpels, blades, glass, etc. that may cause puncture and cuts. This includes both used and unused sharps)

disinfection (chemical treatment@01/autoclaving/ microwaving and mutilation / shredding##

Category No. 5

Discarded Medicines and Cytotoxic drugs

(wastes comprising of outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)

incineration@/destruction and drugs disposal in secured landfills

Category No. 6

Solid Waste

(items contaminated with blood, and body fluids including cotton, dressings, soiled plaster casts, lines, beddings, other material contaminated with blood)


autoclaving/ microwaving

Category No. 7

Solid Waste

(wastes generated from disposable items other than the waste sharps such as tubings, catheters, intravenous sets, etc).

disinfection by chemical treatment@@ autoclaving/ microwaving and mutilation/shredding##

Category No. 8

Liquid Waste

(waste generated from laboratory and washing, cleaning, house-keeping and disinfecting activities)

disinfection by chemical treatment@@

and discharge into drains.

Category No. 9

Incineration Ash

(ash from incineration of any bio-medical waste)

disposal in municipal landfill

Category No. 10

Chemical Waste

(chemicals used in production of biological, chemicals used in disinfection, as insecticides, etc.)

chemical treatment@@

and discharge into drains for liquids and secured landfill for solids

@@ Chemicals treatment using at least 1% hypochlorite solution or any other equivalent chemical reagent. It must be ensured that chemical treatment ensures disinfection.

## Multilation/shredding must be such so as to prevent unauthorised reuse.

@ There will be no chemical pretreatment before incineration. Chlorinated plastics shall not be incinerated.

* Deep burial shall be an option available only in towns with population less than five lakhs and in rural areas.


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