Adenomyosis or Bulky Uterus
What is Adenomyosis or Bulky Uterus?
Adenomyosis or Bulky Uterus is a benign (not life-threatening) condition of the uterus in which the cells that normally line the inside of the uterus (endometrium), grow into the muscle layer (myometrium) of the uterus.
Adenomyosis is only found in women who are in their reproductive years. This is because the hormone estrogen is required to develop this condition and it eventually goes away after menopause when the level of estrogen in the body drops.
Even after invading the myometrium tissue, the endometrial cells continue to function as they would, during each menstrual cycle. The endometrial cells thicken, break down and result in menstrual bleeding. This results in thickening of the uterine walls and diffuse enlargement of uterus and heavy periods. Though Adenomyosis is not life-threatening, frequent pain and heavy periods can affect a woman’s quality of life.
The symptoms are noticed either during pregnancy or after having children. The prevalence is estimated to be 20% to 30% in the general female population.
About 30% to 50% of women with Adenomyosis have no symptoms.
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