What is Acute Coronary Syndrome?
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a sudden and life-threatening condition caused by a sudden reduction in blood flow to the heart. The incidence of coronary disease in Indians who are 55-60 years old is 50% and about 25% in those who are less than 40 years old.
In the United States, an ACS occurs every 25 seconds, and an ACS-related death occurs every minute. Each year in the USA, approximately 1.4 million patients are hospitalized for ACS.
Modern fast-paced lifestyle, increased incidence of diabetes; obesity and hypertension have been attributed for the high rates of acute coronary syndrome. 0
ACS is an umbrella term which includes unstable angina (UA), ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). These are caused by narrowing and acute blood clots in the coronary arteries. This is mostly due to rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque which can produce partial or complete blockage of the artery.
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