HIV/AIDS In South East Asia

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The South-East Asia region is made up of 11 member states, namely - Bangladesh, Bhutan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste.

Five High-burden Countries in South East Asia are:

  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Thailand
  • Myanmar
  • Nepal

Status of AIDS in Five High-burden Countries in South East Asia:

There are about 34,89,000 people currently living with AIDS in the Five High-burden Countries in South East Asia.

  • There are 86,000 people living with AIDS India.
  • 6,90,000 in Indonesia.
  • 4,40,000 in Thailand.
  • 2,20,000 in Myanmar.
  • 39,000 in Nepal.


New HIV Infections in South East Asia:

Proportion of the Regionís New HIV Infections Contributed by Five High-burden Countries, 2016
Country New HIV Infections
India 86,000
Indonesia 73,000
Thailand 6,900
Myanmar 12,000
Nepal 1,300


Proportion of the Regionís AIDS Deaths Contributed by Five High-burden Countries, 2016:

Country AIDS Deaths
India 68,000
Indonesia 35,000
Thailand 14,000
Myanmar 9,700
Nepal 2,300


Overview of the epidemic and ART coverage in the South-East Asia Region.

Key indicators 2008 2009 2010
Number of people living with HIV (million) 3.5 3.4 3.5
Number of people newly infected with HIV (million) 2 2.2 2.1
Number of people dying from AIDS related causes (million) 2.3 2.3 2.3
Estimated number in need of ART (million) 1.8 1.8 2
Per cent of pregnant women tested for HIV 13% 18% 20
Number of facilities providing anretroviral therapy 1 1,453 1,800 2,199
Number of people receiving ART 44,2627 5,77,000 7,17,000
Number of children receiving ART 23,405 28,188 34,000
Coverage of ART among persons living with HIV 40% 32% 39%
Per cent women on ART 39% 40% 42%
Coverage of anretroviral treatment for PMTCT 28.1% 34% 32%

Glossary of Terms:
AIDS: AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
Antiretroviral treatment (ART): The treatment for HIV Ė made up of antiretroviral drugs. ART uses a combination of three or more antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) to stop HIV from spreading throughout the body.
HIV: HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It attacks a personís immune system cells, and without treatment will completely destroy their immune system and their ability to fight off infections.
NACO: National Aids Control Organization
PMTCT: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission
RTI: Reproductive tract infection.
STI: STIs are infections that are passed on during sexual contact.

References:
Progress Report on HIV in the WHO South-East Asia Region, 2016 / HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region: Progress Report 2011.
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