Major Socioeconomic Determinants
Poor health infrastructure
Urbanization and globalization.
Due to epidemiological transition (change in disease patterns from infectious diseases to NCDs) and demographic transition (increased longevity and a rise in the ageing population) NCDs have emerged as a public health problem in this region.
As a result of marked reduction in infant and child mortality and control of communicable diseases, people are living longer in this region.
Change in Population Pyramid
Pyramid shape-> Bell shape -> Barrel shape.