Drivers of NCDs in South East Asia Region (SEAR)Countries
In SEAR Countries, globalization, unplanned urbanization, poverty, poor health systems and social inequities are major reasons for Non-Communicable Diseases.
Major Socioeconomic Determinants
Due to epidemiological transition (change in disease patterns from infectious diseases to NCDs) and demographic transition (increased longevity and a rise in the ageing population) NCDs have emerged as a public health problem in this region.
Change in Population Pyramid
Pyramid shape-> Bell shape -> Barrel shape.
|Projected Ageing Population – 2000 to 2025|
|Bangladesh||3.6% to 6.6%|
|India||4.4% to 7.7%|
|Sri Lanka||6.3% to 12.3%|
Because of ageing population, there is an increase in prevalence of NCDs in this region.
Schematic representation of an iceberg for NCDs
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