Compiled by Avinash Ramani, M.S. (Biotechnology)  | 

Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Oct 30, 2014
Drug addiction is the chronic compulsive urge to repeatedly take drugs in order to feel well. The drugs affect the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain, especially that of dopamine. The major symptoms of drug addiction include:

1. A compulsive desire to take drugs repeatedly with an over-powering behavior, including violence, to obtain it at any cost.

2. An increased psychological and physical dependence on the drug, characterized by frequent behavioral changes in the absence of the drug.

3. Increasing dosage and frequency of drug use.

4. Detrimental effects on individual and society.

There are several de-addiction treatment options available to minimize the destructive effects of drug addiction. However, scientific researches prove that a combination of medications and behavioral therapy along with yoga has been found to be one of the best ways to ensure successful de-addiction in patients.

1. Drug addiction is an obsessive-compulsive behavior.

2. After marijuana, non-medical use of prescription medications, mainly barbiturates, benzodiazepines, opioids and stimulants accounts for the most commonly abused drugs in the United States.

3. Around 23.9 million Americans aged 12 or older were found to have recently taken illicit drugs in a survey conducted in 2012.

4. More than 65% percent of individuals over the age of 12 years in the United States that have abused painkillers say they got them from their friends or relatives.

5. Nearly 73.5% of the youth population in Punjab is addicted to drugs.

6. According to an article in the Times of India from 2010, Maharashtra has the most number of drug addicts in India who have registered for de-addiction.

7. Personalized and individualized treatment based on the genetic and drug-abuse nature of a person with addiction ensures better outcome.


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