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Endorphins - References


References:

  1. Hawkes CH Endorphins: the basis of pleasure? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1992;55:247-250.
  2. Sprouse-Blum AS et al. Understanding endorphins and their importance in pain management. Hawaii Med. J. 2010;69(3):70-71.
  3. Dunbar, R. I. M et al.Social laughter is correlated with an elevated pain threshold. Proc. R. Soc. 2012;B279:1161-1167.
  4. http://66.199.228.237/boundary/addiction/endogenous_opiates_physiological_role.pdf
  5. Zalewska-Kaszubska J, Czarnecka E. Deficit in beta-endorphin peptide and tendency to alcohol abuse. Peptides. 2005;26(4):701-705.
  6. Rhodin A. Combined analysis of circulating b-endorphin with gene polymorphisms in OPRM1, CACNAD2 and ABCB1 reveals correlation with pain, opioid sensitivity and opioid-related side effects. Molecular Brain. 2013;6:8
  7. http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/418525
  8. New AS, Stanley B. An opioid deficit in borderline personality disorder: self-cutting, substance abuse, and social dysfunction. Am J Psychiatry. 2010. 167;8:882-885
  9. Vina J. Exercise acts as a drug: the pharmacological benefits of exercise. Br J Pharmacol. 2012;167(1):1-12.
  10. Qureshi NA, Al-Bedah AM. Mood disorders and complementary and alternative medicine: a literature review. Neuropyschiatr Dis Treat. 2013;9:639-658.
  11. Sarris J et al. Complementary medicine, exercise, meditation, diet, and lifestyle modification for anxiety disorders: a review of current evidence. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.2012;2012:809653.
  12. http://www.medhelp.org/tags/health_page/132926/Endorphins-and-addiction/Foods-that-Increase-Dopamine-Naturally?hp_id=594
Author: Dr. Smitha S. Dutt

Editor: Dr. Simi Paknikar

Technical: Lingaraj
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