Risk of Diabetes in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder among young women and a leading cause of infertility. Worldwide, 4 to 8% women are affected with PCOS. In polycystic ovary disease, the ovaries are enlarged, with a thick, scarred capsule associated with an abnormally high number of follicles in the ovaries. This gives the impression of multiple cysts and hence the term ''polycystic''. Women who have PCOS have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and are diagnosed at an earlier age with the condition.

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