Carotid arteries are the two major arteries in your body that supply blood mainly to the head and neck region. Carotid atherosclerosis occurs due to the accumulation of plaque inside the wall of the artery, which causes narrowing of the artery walls, thus reducing blood flow to the brain. The common carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a test used to measure the thickness of the two inner layers of the carotid artery - the intima and media. It is also an important test to alert the patients of any possible thickening of the artery wall. cIMT is also considered as a marker of cardiovascular complications such as coronary artery disease (CAD).
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